Freienhuben (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Freienhuben (also known as Freuenhuben, Freyenhuben, and Freienhuben bei Steegen; now known as Izbiska; coordinates: 54.3049, 19.003 [54° 18′ 17″ N, 19° 0′ 10″ E]; population in 1905, 323; in 2012, 133) is located approximately 12 kilometres (7 miles) north-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof) and 26 km. (16 mi.) east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Freienhuben was granted privileges in the 14th century. The village was destroyed during the siege of the fortress Gdańska Głowa (Danziger Haupt) by Swedish forces but was re-established in 1641 by Dutch settlers. Until 1793 Freienhuben was part of Danzig in the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland in 1793 added Danzig and its surrounding territory to the province of West Prussia. Freienhuben was situated in the district (Kreis) of Danzig from 1818 until 1887, when it became part of the district of Danziger Niederung. Freienhuben became part of the Free City of Danzig from 1920 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, when it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. Today it is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Stegna, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The sources from 1734/37 mentioned the following names, of which many were Mennonite: Aspen, Beigen, Boschke, Brun, Daden, Dawidt, Foht, Fretz, Harder, Hobge, Hildebrand, Hinrich, Kestner, Knak, Kohn, van Riesen, Tewes, Tiessen, and Wőlke. In 1793 there were five Mennonite families in Freienhuben with the following surnames: Anders, Conradt, Froese, Janzen, and Schroeder. In 1820, the village had 277 Catholics and Lutherans and 31 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Freienhuben were members of the Bärwalde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Izbiska." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 30 November 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=331&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Izbiska, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 30 November 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Izbiska,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 30 November 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=1640.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Freienhuben (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. November 2012. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/freienhuben_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (November 2012). Freienhuben (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/freienhuben_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.