Hochzeit (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Hochzeit (also known as Wyslina; now known as Wiślina; coordinates: 54.2941, 18.7191 [54° 17′ 38″ N, 18° 43′ 08″ E]; population in 1905, 240; in 2012, 202) is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) north-east of Pruszcz Gdański (Praust) and 10 km. (6 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Hochzeit was first mentioned in historical documents in 1308 and since 1310 was owned by the Knights of the Teutonic Order. Hochzeit was granted the Chełmno rights (Kulm Law, a legal constitution for a municipal form of government). In 1425, the settlement was transferred to the Danzig mayor Gerard von der Becke. Ownership was transferred to Danzig in 1457 and then to the hospital of St. Elizabeth in Danzig. Since the 16th century, the village was privately owned; Dutch colonists settled there in the same century.
Until 1772 Hochzeit was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Hochzeit was located. Hochzeit was situated in the district (Kreis) of Danzig from 1818 until 1887, when it became part of the district of Danziger Niederung. The village became part of the Free City of Danzig from 1920 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, when it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 Hochzeit (now Wiślina) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Pruszcz Gdański, within Gdańsk County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists eight Mennonite families in Hochzeit with the following surnames: Claasen, Epp, Fast, Jantzen, Kroeker, Lepp, Penner, and Tilitzki. In 1820, the village had 274 residents, including 46 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Hochzeit were members of the Bärwalde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Wiślina." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 25 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=470&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Wiślina." Web. 25 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiślina.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 25 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=2540.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Hochzeit (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/hochzeit_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Hochzeit (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/hochzeit_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.