Hohenberg (Württemberg, Germany)
Hohenberg, formerly an Austrian dependency or territory in southwest Germany, has been a part of Württemberg since 1806. The main cities are Horb and Rottenburg am Neckar; the latter was also the seat of the regent or governor who ruled in the name of the (Austrian) Hapsburgs. During the first half of the 16th century the counts of Zollern held this office (Joachim 1525-1537, Jos Nikolaus 1538-1558), yet they were rather passive in their duties if not downright negligent. Much more zealous was King Ferdinand and the provincial government of Innsbruck (Tyrol) which at that period administered also the county of Hohenberg (part of Vorderösterreich). They insisted upon the suppression of all non-Catholic movements, both Lutheran and Anabaptist, and sent out stiff mandates to allow no leniency.
The most outstanding victim of these orders was Michael Sattler, the former prior of the monastery of St. Peter, who was the saintly leader of the new Anabaptist movement around Horb and Rottenburg. The trial of Sattler and his co-workers is a memorable event in Anabaptist history, mainly for Sattler's noble defense. In 1527 these brethren were executed in a most cruel manner in the city of Rottenburg. The great stir which this event provoked (a pamphlet with the story of Sattler soon spread all over Germany) made the government somewhat more cautious in its endeavor to suppress the new Anabaptist movement. Eventually, however, the Counter-Reformation succeeded in bringing the entire population back to their former Catholic faith. It is remarkable that in the southern part of the county of Hohenberg, which is adjacent to Switzerland, no centers of Anabaptism are known, while in the northern part, around Horb and Rottenburg, numerous such centers thrived until the middle of the 16th century, apparently as a result of Sattler's activities and testimony.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 336.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 786. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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To cite this page:
MLA style: Bossert, Gustav, Sr. and Robert Friedmann. "Hohenberg (Württemberg, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/hohenberg_wurttemberg_germany.
APA style: Bossert, Gustav, Sr. and Robert Friedmann. (1956). Hohenberg (Württemberg, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/hohenberg_wurttemberg_germany.