Humstervrede (Peace of Humsterland)
About 1550 divisions began to take place among the Dutch Mennonites. About 1566 the great division between the Frisians and the Flemish occurred at Franeker and Harlingen, and soon spread throughout the country. Violently and irreconcilably they opposed each other. The peaceable, who watched with pain, spared no efforts to heal the breach. Jan Willems was finally successful in establishing a temporary easing of tension on the basis of several articles; the agreement was signed in Humsterland (near Noordhorn) in the province of Groningen, and hence was called the "Peace of Humsterland." The Frisians especially expected much of it, and for a while it seemed that the discussions following it at Hoorn (1576) might bring peace. But the attitude of the Flemish elders was such that all further attempts at peace (1578 at Emden and Hoorn) failed. The question at issue was the application of the ban. The conflict remained sharp and the number of separations increased. Peace did not come for more than a century.
Cate, Steven Blaupot ten. Geschiedenis der Doopsgezinden in Friesland. Leeuwarden: W. Eekhoff, 1839: 109-111.
Cramer, Samuel and Fredrik Pijper. Bibliotheca Reformatoria Neerlandica. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1903-1914: VII, 547 f.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1893): 81.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 368.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: I, Nos. 467, 470, 473.
Kühler, Wilhelmus Johannes. Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Doopsgezinden in de Zestiende Eeuw. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1932: 425, 447.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 843. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Humstervrede (Peace of Humsterland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/humstervrede_peace_of_humsterland.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1956). Humstervrede (Peace of Humsterland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/humstervrede_peace_of_humsterland.