Jacob van Ossenbrug (16th century)
Jacob van Ossenbrug (Osenbrug, Ossenbroich), not a native of the German town of Osnabrück as has been supposed, but probably originally from the duchy of Jülich. By trade he was a farrier (shoeing smith). He was an Anabaptist leader and confessed (according to the record) that he had been baptized at Münster on 6 January 1534, by Jan van Leyden. But this must be an error; on that date Jan van Leyden was not yet in Münster. Soon after he returned to the territory of Jülich to win recruits for Münster. He promised to show them all the miracles which God had performed in Münster and threatened that God would punish the wicked world about Easter, when only those who were in Münster could be saved, because Münster was the New Jerusalem. He succeeded in rounding up a number of persons, including Gillis (Gys) van Rothem, with whom he marched to Münster. It is very remarkable that they are said to have traveled unarmed. At Neuss they crossed the Rhine; upon arrival at Düsseldorf the whole group was arrested and tried on 28 February 1534. The outcome of this trial is not known and further information about Jacob van Ossenbrug was not available.
Bax, Willem. Het protestantisme in het bisdom Luik en vooral te Maastricht. s-Gravenhage: Nijhoff, 1937-1941: 70-72.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. 4 v. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: III, 314.
Mellink, Albert F. De Wederdopers in de noordelijke Nederlanden 1531-1544. Groningen: J.B. Wolters, 1954: 28 f., 291.
Rembert, Karl. Die "Wiedertäufer" im Herzogtum Jülich. Berlin: R. Gaertners Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1899: 372-377.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 62. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Jacob van Ossenbrug (16th century)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/jacob_van_ossenbrug_16th_century.
APA style: van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Jacob van Ossenbrug (16th century). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/jacob_van_ossenbrug_16th_century.