Kalteherberge (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Kalteherberge (Kalte Herberge; now known as Świerznica; coordinates: 54.269167, 19.0881 [54° 16′ 9″ N, 19° 5′ 17″ E]; population in 1905, 189; in 2012, 142) is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) north of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 22 km. (14 mi.) north-west of Elbląg (Elbing), 26 km. (16 mi.) north of Malbork (Marienburg), and 32 km. (20 mi.) east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Until 1793 Kalteherberge was part of Danzig in Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland in 1793 added Danzig and its surrounding territory to the province of West Prussia. Kalteherberge was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. At the outbreak of World War II in 1939, Kalteherberge came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. Today it is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Stegna, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In the 1793 Danzig census there were three Mennonite families listed in Kalteherberge with the following surnames: Friesen, Kroecker, and Suckau. In 1820, Kalteherberge had 126 residents, including 10 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Kalteherberge were members of the Tiegenhagen Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Świerznica." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 6 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=458&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Świerznica, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 6 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C5%9Awierznica,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 6 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=2848.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
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MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Kalteherberge (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 25 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/kalteherberge_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Kalteherberge (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/kalteherberge_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.