Knipperdolling, Bernt (ca. 1490-1536)
Bernt (Bernhard) Knipperdolling, a leader of the Anabaptists in Münster, Westphalia, Germany, was a prosperous clothing merchant. His home was
located near St. Lambert's
Church. He is first mentioned in 1527 when he helped to free Tonies Kruse, who had been imprisoned by the
bishop. When the evangelical movement spread in Münster he joined it, particularly in supporting Bernhard Rothmann.
When the bishop and the city council lost their influence through the
democratic Anabaptist movement, Bernhard Knipperdolling was elected mayor in
February 1534. He became a staunch supporter of Jan Matthys and Jan
van Leyden when they arrived. Both were guests in his home. Jan
van Leyden married Knipperdolling's daughter. After the 12 elders appointed by
Jan van Leyden took over the government, he lost his office as mayor but
remained the special representative of Jan van Leyden. When Jan van Leyden
proclaimed himself king, Knipperdolling was opposed but finally yielded. After
the defeat of Münster he was found in
a hiding place and shared the fate of Jan van Leyden and Bernhard Krechting,
who were cruelly tortured to death on 23 January 1536. The corpses were hung in
the tower of St. Lambert's Church. Numerous portraits
of Knipperdolling--paintings, woodcuts, etchings, etc. were produced by artists
like H. Aldegrever and Ch. van Sichem
See also Münster Anabaptists
Cornelius, Carl. A. Historische Arbeiten vornehmlich zur Reformationszeit. Leipzig, 1899: 99-101.
Cornelius, Carl A. Berichte der Augenzeugen über das Münsterische Wiedertaüferreich. Münster, 1853.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II, 514.
Keller, Ludwig. Geschichte der Wiedertaüfer und ihres Reichs zu Münster. Münster, 1880: passim.
Kühler, Wilhelmus Johannes. Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Doopsgezinden in de Zestiende Eeuw. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1932: see Index.
Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie. Leipzig, 1875-1912: XVI: 293.
Geisberg, M. Die Münsterischen Wiedertaüfer und Aldegrever. Strasbourg, 1907.
Mellink, Albert F. De Wederdopers in de noordelijke Nederlanden 1531-1544. Groningen: J.B. Wolters, 1954.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 208. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: Krahn, Cornelius. "Knipperdolling, Bernt (ca. 1490-1536)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 23 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/knipperdolling_bernt_ca._1490_1536.
APA style: Krahn, Cornelius. (1957). Knipperdolling, Bernt (ca. 1490-1536). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 23 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/knipperdolling_bernt_ca._1490_1536.