Krebsfelde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Krebsfelde (now known as Rakowiska; coordinates: 54.1644, 19.181 [54° 9′ 51″ N, 19° 10′ 51″ E]; population in 1905, 471; in 2012, 270) is located approximately 7 kilometres (4.5 miles) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 13 km. (8 mi.) west of Elbląg (Elbing), 17 km. (10.5 mi.) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg), and 43 km. (27 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Krebsfelde was established in 1395. Until 1772 Krebsfelde was part of the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Krebsfelde was located. Krebsfelde was situated in the district (Kreis) of Elbing until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. Today Krebsfelde (now Rakowiska) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In 1727 there were 24 Mennonites in Krebsfelde. The 1776 Prussian census lists 33 Mennonite families in Krebsfelde with the following surnames: Braun, Claassen, Dick, Dickgrew, Dickmann, Ens, Fast, Giesbrecht, Heydebrecht, Hiebert, Isaac, Klippenstein, Kroecker, Loewen, Neufeld, Penner, Reimer, Siemens, Stews, von Riesen, Wiebe, Wieler, and Wulff. In 1820 there were 98 Mennonites out of a total population of 393 in Krebsfelde. In 1885, Krebsfelde had 2,220 hectares of land, 24 large farms, 39 minor gentry houses, 503 Lutherans and Catholics, and 87 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Krebsfelde were members of the Rosenort Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Rakowiska." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 22 November 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=426&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Rakowiska, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 22 November 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rakowiska,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 22 November 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=3623.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
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MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Krebsfelde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. November 2012. Web. 22 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/krebsfelde_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (November 2012). Krebsfelde (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/krebsfelde_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.