The Levellers were an important political and religious movement in England (1647-1649) at the time of Cromwell, which, obviously influenced by Anabaptism, demanded absolute civil and religious liberty and the complete separation of church and state, but which finally degenerated into a passionate attack on the state and was therefore gradually suppressed. Pieter Cornelisz Plockhoy was associated with the Levellers.
Bernstein, Eduard. Cromwell & communism: socialism and democracy in the great English revolution. London: Allen & Unwin, 1930..
Harder, Leland and Marvin Harder. Plockhoy from Zurik-zee; the study of a Dutch reformer in Puritan England and colonial America. and M. Plockhoy from Zurik-zee. Newton, KS, Board of Education and Publication, 1952.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: II: 644.
Pease, Theodore Calvin. The Leveller movement : a study in the history and political theory of the English Great Civil War. Washington : American Historical Association, 1916.
Robertson, D. B. The Religious Foundations of Leveller Democracy. New York: King’s Crown Press, 1951.
Troeltsch, Ernst. The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches. New York: Macmillan, 1931.
Weingarten, Hermann. Die Revolutionskirchen Englands ein Beitrag zur inneren Geschichte der englischen Kirche und der Reformation. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1868.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, pp. 329-330. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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