Planerkolonie (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)
Planerkolonie, located north of the Sea of Azov between Mariupol and Berdyansk, Ukraine, was a German settlement established in 1822. The name was derived from a "plan" which was worked out by the government for the settlement. The settlers of the original 17 villages came from the Marienburg, Danzig, and Elbing area of Prussia where the Mennonites also came from. Although these settlers spoke Plattdeutsch and established homes and villages similar to those of the Mennonites and some had "Mennonite" names they were not Mennonites. The village names were primarily given in memory of those from which they had come. The settlers had spent some years in the Molotschna settlement and were later joined by others coming from South Germany. The original Planer settlement was located just north of the five Mennonite villages of Bergthal. When the Bergthal Mennonites left for America in 1874 their villages became a part of the Planer settlement.
The original Planer settlement consisted of 27 villages and the five Bergthal Mennonite villages, of which Grünau, Ludwigstal, and Bergthal were the district seats. The Planer mother settlement spread into the surrounding territory of Mariupol, establishing 19 additional villages. The settlement also spread into the East, establishing a daughter settlement in the Don Basin. The 20 villages had names like Liebental, Grüntal, and Gnadenfeld. Another daughter settlement was established north of Berdyansk with the following villages: Neuhoffnung, Rosenfeld, Neuhoffnungstal, and Neu-Stuttgart.
In this area the evangelist and minister Eduard Wüst began his evangelistic work, which caused a great revival among the German population in South Russia, spreading into the neighboring Molotschna settlement. Cornelius Jansen of Berdyansk was a friend of Wüst. From here the revival movement also spread eastward into the mother settlement of Mariupol and the daughter settlement in the Don area. For a time there was a Mariupol Mennonite Brethren Church. Wüst's activities caused breaks in the Protestant churches and the founding of Pietistic and separatist movements. Some joined the Baptist Church.
Eisenach, G. J. Pietism and the Russian Germans in the United States. Berne, 1948.Malinowsky, J. A. Die Planerkolonien am Asovschen Meere. Stuttgart, 1928.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 185. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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To cite this page:
MLA style: Krahn, Cornelius. "Planerkolonie (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 19 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/planerkolonie_zaporizhia_oblast_ukraine.
APA style: Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Planerkolonie (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/planerkolonie_zaporizhia_oblast_ukraine.