Preussisch Holland (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
Preussisch Holland (Polish, Pasłęk), (coordinates: 54.066667, 19.666667 [54° 4′ 0″ N, 19° 40′ 0″ E]; population in 1946, 3,278; 12,179 in 2006), originally called simply Holland, a town formerly in East Prussia southeast of Elbing (now Elbląg), in which there were a few Mennonites until the collapse in 1945, members of the Heubuden and Thiensdorf-Preussisch Rosengart congregations. The articles of the founding of the town, dated 29 September 1297, mention that it was named for settlers from Holland. In 1527 a new immigration from the Netherlands set in, at first east of the city toward Bardeyn, consisting of Sacramentists. Others, including Anabaptists, under the leadership of Hermann Sachs, on 1 February 1539, received permission to settle the village of Schönberg (and also Judendorf) north of the town in the district of Preussisch Holland (document printed in Schumacher, 176-78). Their names and the occupations of some are given by Schumacher (184). Their deviation from the religion of the duchy, however, soon became apparent; hence they were expelled by the great church inspection of 1542-1543; only a few adjusted themselves to the dominant church in order to be permitted to remain in the country. (See East Prussia).
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 397.
Mennonitisches Adressbuch. Karlsruhe, 1936.
Schumacher, Bruno. Niederländische Ansiedlungen im Herzogtum Preussen zur Zeit Herzog Albrechts 1525-68. Leipzig, 1903.
Szper, Felicia. Nederlandsche nederzettingen in West-Pruisen gedurende den poolschen tijd. Enkhuizen, 1913.
Unruh, B. H. "Kolonisatorische Berührungen zwischen den Mennoniten und den Siedlern anderer Konfessionen im Weichselgebiet und in der Neumark." Deutsches Archiv für Landes- und Volksforschung IV (1940): 256-60.
Wolfram, Hans Egon. Die Niederlande und der deutsche Osten. Berlin, 1943.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 217. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Crous, Ernst. "Preussisch Holland (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 18 June 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/preussisch_holland_warmian_masurian_voivodeship.
APA style: Crous, Ernst. (1959). Preussisch Holland (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 June 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/preussisch_holland_warmian_masurian_voivodeship.