Reinland (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Reinland (now known as Starocin; coordinates: 54.22, 19.15 [54° 13′ 11″ N, 19° 8′ 59″ E]; population in 1905, 136) is located approximately 2 kilometres (2 miles) east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), 16 km (10 mi.) north-west of Elbląg (Elbing), 22 km (13.5 mi.) north-east of Malbork (Marienburg), and 38 km. (24 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Reinland was one of the later village areas to be cultivated, being covered by a forest until 1725. Until 1772 Reinland was part of the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province in 1773, called West Prussia, in which Reinland was located. Reinland was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. Today it is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Nowy Dwór Gdański, within Nowy Dwór Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In the 1776 Prussian census there were 27 Mennonite families listed as living in Reinland with the following surnames: Behrend, Born, Bruhn, Claassen, Ens, Friesen, Ginther, Hilbrand, Isaac, Loewen, Martens, Neufeld, Peters, Steffen, Steingarth, Toews, Wieb, Wieler, and Wiens. In 1820 there were 132 inhabitants in Reinland, of which 79 were Mennonite.
The Flemish Mennonites of Reinland, by far the majority of Mennonites living in Reinland, were members of the Tiegenhagen Mennonite Church while the Frisian Mennonites were members of the Orlofferfelde Mennonite Church.
Crichton, W. Zur Geschichte der Mennoniten. Königsberg, 1786: 28.
Dormann, E. J. Geschichte des Kreises Marienburg. Danzig, 1862: 73.
"Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Hans-Jürgen Wolf. Web. 2 October 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III: 456.
Penner, Horst. Ansiedlung mennonitischer Niederländer im Weichselmündungsgebiet. Weierhof, 1940: 56.
Wikipedia. "Starocin." Web. 2 October 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Starocin.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 279-280. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Crous, Ernst and Richard D. Thiessen. "Reinland (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. November 2012. Web. 26 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/reinland_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Crous, Ernst and Richard D. Thiessen. (November 2012). Reinland (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 26 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/reinland_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.