Schönrohr und Kampe (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Schönrohr und Kampe (also known as Schönort; now known as Trzcinisko and Trzcinowo; coordinates: 54.3051, 18.8633 [54° 18′ 18″ N, 18° 51′ 47″ E]; population in 1905, 166; in 2012, 223) is located approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) north of Cedry Wielkie (Groß Zünder), 16 km (10 mi) east of Pruszcz Gdański (Praust), 19 km. (12 mi.) north-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof), and 17 km (11 mi) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Schönrohr und Kampe was founded in 1354 under the Chełmno law (Kulm Law, a legal constitution for a municipal form of government) by Winrich von Kniprode, 22nd Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. In 1601, the village was re-developed by Dutch colonists. In 1613, the residents paid rent for 13 włókas and 6 morgas (236 hectares) of land. Until 1793 Schönrohr und Kampee was part of Danzig in Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland in 1793 added Danzig and its surrounding territory to the province of West Prussia. Schönrohr und Kampe was situated in the district (Kreis) of Danzig from 1818 until 1887, when it became part of the district of Danziger Niederung. The village became part of the Free City of Danzig from 1920 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, when it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 Schönrohr und Kampe was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 it was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Cedry Wielkie, within Gdańsk County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The sources from 1748 mentioned five Mennonites (and 11 others). The 1793 Danzig census lists one Mennonite family of five, named Plett. In 1820, the village had 134 residents, including four Mennonites. In 1885, the village had 396 ha, 22 houses, and 201 residents.
Mennonites who were residents of Schönrohr und Kampe were members of the Bärwalde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Trzcinowo (Trzcinisko)." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 26 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=464&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Trzcinisko." Web. 26 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trzcinisko.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 26 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=5933.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: Thiessen, Richard D. "Schönrohr und Kampe (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/schoenrohr_und_kampe_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.
APA style: Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Schönrohr und Kampe (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/schoenrohr_und_kampe_pomeranian_voivodeship_poland.