Spinoza, Baruch de (1632-1677)
Baruch (Benedictus) de Spinoza, the noted philosopher, was born at Amsterdam on 24 November 1632, of Spanish-Jewish descent. His pantheistic-rationalistic ideas, with an overtone of mysticism, profoundly influenced German and Dutch philosophy. He was expelled from the Jewish community as a heretic and lived in modest retirement, on a friendly footing with the Mennonites and the Collegiants in Rijnsburg and The Hague. The Mennonites were instrumental in publishing his writings, when the Dutch Reformed publishers were afraid to do it. One of his greatest benefactors was Joosten de Vries, a Mennonite merchant of Amsterdam. Spinoza died at The Hague on 21 February 1677.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. IV.
Kolbenheyer, Guido. Amor Dei, a novel on Spinoza 1905.
Meinsma, K. O. Spinoza en zijn Kring, The Hague; 1896.
Meyer, W. and A. Menzel on Spinoza’s relations to the Collegiants and to Christendom, Archiv für Geschichte und Philosophie XV and XVI 1902.
Troeltsch, Ernst. The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches, New York: 1912.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 596. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
©1996-2013 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.
To cite this page:
MLA style: Neff, Christian. "Spinoza, Baruch de (1632-1677)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 19 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/spinoza_baruch_1632_1677.
APA style: Neff, Christian. (1959). Spinoza, Baruch de (1632-1677). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/spinoza_baruch_1632_1677.