Wiebe, Philipp (1816-1870)
Philipp Wiebe: chairman of the Agricultural Association of the Molotschna Mennonite settlement, made a significant contribution as a successor of Johann Cornies. Philipp was born 29 September 1816 in Baerwalde, Prussia, the sixth of sixteen children of Philipp Wiebe (b. 1778) and Gertrude (Dueck) Wiebe. Philipp married Aganetha Cornies (11 December 1819, Ohrloff, Molotschna, South Russia – 18 September 1858), daughter of Johann Cornies (1789-1848) and Aganetha (Klaassen) Cornies (1792-1847). Philipp and Aganetha had four children, with three living to adulthood: Johannes, Philipp and Agnes. Philipp died 15 September 1870 in Ohrloff, Molotschna, South Russia.
As chairman Philipp inherited the supervision of the agricultural or economic and the cultural or educational aspects of the settlement, including the many religious problems of the time. When Johannes Cornies died in 1848, Wiebe continued to promote a higher level of education, regular attendance at school, higher salaries for teachers, better school buildings, and regular teachers' conferences. The school age was determined to be from six to fourteen, and teachers' conferences became obligatory in 1850. Because of ill health, he had to resign as chairman of the Agricultural Association. In 1869 he became the first chairman of the "Molotschnaer Mennonitischer Schulrat.”
Wiebe, as a son-in-law of Johann Cornies, inherited some of his large estates, Yushanlee and a part of Tashchenak. He acquired an estate north of the Sea of Azov from a certain Kampenhausen. He had to cope with the general problems of land distribution to the landless and the founding of new groups such as the Mennonite Brethren and the Templers. His son, Johann Philipp Wiebe, born 14 October 1849, continued in the footsteps of his father and grandfather; he married the sister of Bernhard Warkentin in 1871 and became instrumental in the transplanting of hard winter wheat from his estates to the prairies of Kansas.
Friesen, Peter M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 644 f.
Görz, H. Die Molotschnaer Ansiedlung. Steinbach, MB.: Echo-Verlag, 1950: 101.
GRANDMA (The Genealogical Registry and Database of Mennonite Ancestry) Database, 5.00 ed. Fresno, CA: California Mennonite Historical Society, 2006: #53874.
Isaac, Franz. Die Molotschnaer Mennoniten. Halbstadt, Taurien : H. I. Braun, 1908: 33-35, 145 ff.
Regehr, Nikolai. Johann Philipp Wiebe. Steinbach, MB.: Echo-Verlag, 1952: 42 ff.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 946-947. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.
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MLA style: Krahn, Cornelius. "Wiebe, Philipp (1816-1870)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 21 May 2013. http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/wiebe_philipp_1816_1870.
APA style: Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Wiebe, Philipp (1816-1870). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2013, from http://www.gameo.org/encyclopedia/contents/wiebe_philipp_1816_1870.