Augustus III, King of Poland (1696-1763)
Augustus confirmed all previous privileges of the Mennonites on 16 April 1736. On 18 September 1750, at Warsaw, he extended the privileges that had been granted to the Werder Mennonites to apply to those in the lowlands at Graudenz, Culm and Schwetz. Most important was the complete freedom from military service granted them, for which privilege they paid a high protection fee. From 1741 to 1759 the Mennonites of Danzig had to pay 5,000 florins annually to the state treasury for freedom from military service in accord with an express edict of the king. In 1759 this fee was reduced to 2,000 florins, in 1774 to 1,500, in 1782 to 1,200 florins. But the Mennonites were never admitted to full citizenship. A rescript of Augustus III to the Danzig council even demanded that they should no longer be permitted to work at a trade and at business at the same time; they were to buy the materials for their manufactured wares from citizens, they were not to offer their finished products for sale, but were to sell them only to citizens; they were also forbidden to acquire any more land.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 96.
Mannhardt, Wilhelm. Die Wehrfreiheit der altpreussischen Mennoniten: eine geschichtliche Erörterung. Marienburg: im Selbstverlage der Altpreussischen Mennonitengemeinden : in Commission bei B. Hermann Hemmpels Wwe., 1863.
|Richard D. Thiessen|
|Date Published||October 2007|
Cite This Article
Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. "Augustus III, King of Poland (1696-1763)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. October 2007. Web. 20 Jul 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Augustus_III,_King_of_Poland_(1696-1763)&oldid=75013.
Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. (October 2007). Augustus III, King of Poland (1696-1763). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 July 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Augustus_III,_King_of_Poland_(1696-1763)&oldid=75013.
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