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[[File:Jacob-Adriaensz.-Backer.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Das Gehör by Jacob  
 
[[File:Jacob-Adriaensz.-Backer.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Das Gehör by Jacob  
  
Adriaensz Backer, ca. 1635  
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Adriaensz Backer, ca. 1635
  
Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Jacob_Adriaensz._Backer_001.jpg Wikipedia Commons] Wikipedia Commons
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Source: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Jacob_Adriaensz._Backer_001.jpg Wikipedia Commons]'']]    Jacob Adriaensz Backer, born 1608 at Harlingen, Dutch province of [[Friesland (Netherlands)|Friesland]] (where his father, Adriaen Tjercksz, a baker, was a deacon of the [[Waterlanders|Waterlander]] Mennonite Church), died 27 August 1651 at [[Amsterdam (Noord-Holland, Netherlands)|Amsterdam]], was a Dutch painter. He was first a pupil of [[Jacobsz, Lambert (ca. 1598-1636)|Lambert Jacobsz]], and later on of [[Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn (1607-1669)|Rembrandt]], whose way of painting he followed, without reaching the deep penetrating psychology of the master. Yet he was a painter of good reputation and his pictures were in high favor. An "Erection of the Cross" of 1633 is called a master piece. He chiefly painted portraits and groups (corporation and civic-guards pictures). He had many pupils, including [[Backer, Adriaen (1635-1684)|Adriaen Backer]]<em>. </em>After 1650 the quality of his pictures is inferior to his earlier ones. Many of his paintings must have been lost. He also made many drawings. There is a self-portrait of him, now in the museum of Lyons (France). About his life very little is known; likely he was unmarried.
 
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'']]    Jacob Adriaensz Backer, born 1608 at Harlingen, Dutch province of [[Friesland (Netherlands)|Friesland]] (where his father, Adriaen Tjercksz, a baker, was a deacon of the [[Waterlanders|Waterlander]] Mennonite Church), died 27 August 1651 at [[Amsterdam (Noord-Holland, Netherlands)|Amsterdam]], was a Dutch painter. He was first a pupil of [[Jacobsz, Lambert (ca. 1598-1636)|Lambert Jacobsz]], and later on of [[Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn (1607-1669)|Rembrandt]], whose way of painting he followed, without reaching the deep penetrating psychology of the master. Yet he was a painter of good reputation and his pictures were in high favor. An "Erection of the Cross" of 1633 is called a master piece. He chiefly painted portraits and groups (corporation and civic-guards pictures). He had many pupils, including [[Backer, Adriaen (1635-1684)|Adriaen Backer]]<em>. </em>After 1650 the quality of his pictures is inferior to his earlier ones. Many of his paintings must have been lost. He also made many drawings. There is a self-portrait of him, now in the museum of Lyons (France). About his life very little is known; likely he was unmarried.
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= Bibliography =
 
= Bibliography =
 
Bauch, Kurt. <em>Jakob Adriaensz Backer: ein Rembrandt-Schüler aus Friesland</em>. Berlin, 1912.
 
Bauch, Kurt. <em>Jakob Adriaensz Backer: ein Rembrandt-Schüler aus Friesland</em>. Berlin, 1912.

Revision as of 13:52, 23 August 2013

Das Gehör by Jacob Adriaensz Backer, ca. 1635 Source: Wikipedia Commons
Jacob Adriaensz Backer, born 1608 at Harlingen, Dutch province of Friesland (where his father, Adriaen Tjercksz, a baker, was a deacon of the Waterlander Mennonite Church), died 27 August 1651 at Amsterdam, was a Dutch painter. He was first a pupil of Lambert Jacobsz, and later on of Rembrandt, whose way of painting he followed, without reaching the deep penetrating psychology of the master. Yet he was a painter of good reputation and his pictures were in high favor. An "Erection of the Cross" of 1633 is called a master piece. He chiefly painted portraits and groups (corporation and civic-guards pictures). He had many pupils, including Adriaen Backer. After 1650 the quality of his pictures is inferior to his earlier ones. Many of his paintings must have been lost. He also made many drawings. There is a self-portrait of him, now in the museum of Lyons (France). About his life very little is known; likely he was unmarried.

Bibliography

Bauch, Kurt. Jakob Adriaensz Backer: ein Rembrandt-Schüler aus Friesland. Berlin, 1912.

Martin, Willem. De Hollandsche schilderkunst in de zeventiende eeuw. 3rd ed. Amsterdam : Meulenhoff, 1944: 112-114.

Oud-Holland: tijdschrift voor Nederlandse kunstgeschiedenis 42 (1925): 278; 43 (1926): 289-292.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1955


Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1955. Web. 24 Jul 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Backer,_Jacob_Adriaensz_(1608-1651)&oldid=90959.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1955). Backer, Jacob Adriaensz (1608-1651). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 24 July 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Backer,_Jacob_Adriaensz_(1608-1651)&oldid=90959.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 204. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.