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Courland (German: Kurland) is an historical Baltic province now roughly corresponding to the counties of Kuldīga, Liepāja, Saldus, Talsi, Tukums and Ventspils in Latvia. It formed a province of the Teutonic Order in Livonia (ca. 1200–1560), then became a duchy within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (1560–1795), and a province of Imperial Russia (1795–1918). It lies between 55° 45′ and 57° 45′ North and 21° and 27° East.  According to Friesen, there was a Kurland Mennonite Church before World War I. The members, scattered over various districts, received permission to organize a congregation in 1902. In that year the elder was Johann Wollberg and the congregation consisted of 10 families, 38 members, with a total of 61 persons. The value of the property estimated for the purpose of establishing support due for Mennonite forestry service was 15,000 rubles. It is not known what happened to these Mennonites. They were evidently Prussian Mennonites who had moved into the Baltic area.


Friesen, P. M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschte. Halbstadt, Ukraine, 1911: 691, 720.

Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1959

Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Courland (Latvia)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 30 Apr 2017.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Courland (Latvia). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 30 April 2017, from

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Kitchener, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 1100-1101. All rights reserved.

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