Czattkau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Czattkau (also known as Czattkau`sche Wiesen, Groß Czattkau, Gross Czattkau, Groß Czatkau, Gross Czatkau, Czatkau, and Schattkau; now known as Czatkowy; coordinates: 54.13217, 18.813915 [54° 7′ 55″ N, 18° 48′ 50″ E]; population in 1905, 199; in 2013, 323) is located approximately 4 kilometers (2.5 miles) north-east of Tczew (Dirschau), 19 km. (12 miles) north-west of Malbork (Marienburg), and 22 km. (13 miles) south-west of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof).
Czattkau was founded in the 14th century and was owned by the Cistercian monastery in Pelpin. The area was re-settled in 1774 by 14 Mennonite families. Until 1772 Czattkau was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. Czattkau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Preußisch Stargard in Regierungsbezirk Danzig from 1815 until 1887, when it became part of the district (Kreis) of Dirschau. At the end of World War I, it came under the jurisdiction of the Pomeranian Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until March 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2013 Czatkowy was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Tczew, within Tczew County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists 17 Mennonite families in Czattkau with the following surnames: Boschmann, Claasen, Dick, Ens, Heidbrecht, Manteler, Tiesen, Wall, Wiens, and Willms. In 1820, Czattkau and Vogelgreif, located immediately to the north of Czattkau, had 151 residents, including 71 Mennonites. In the second half of the 19th century, the village had 2,091 morgas (1,251 hectares) of land, 28 houses, and 132 residents, including 48 Mennonites. In 1935 Czattkau had 10 Mennonite families that were members of the Heubuden Mennonite Church with the following surnames: Mierau, Regier (four families), Riesen (four families), and Willems.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Stara Koscielnica." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 6 April 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=309&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Czatkowy." Web. 6 April 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Czatkowy.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 6 April 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=1032.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||April 2013|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Czattkau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2013. Web. 21 May 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Czattkau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=80033.
Thiessen, Richard D. (April 2013). Czattkau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 May 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Czattkau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=80033.
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