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Cornelis van Engelen, born about 1722 at Utrecht, died 1793 at Leiden, a Dutch Mennonite pastor. He studied philosophy at the University of Utrecht, where he obtained his doctor’s degree in 1745. Then he studied theology at the Amsterdam Mennonite Seminary 1747-1749. In 1749-1758 he served the congregation of Harlingen, Dutch province of Friesland, as a pastor. In 1758 he resigned because of bad health, but in 1764 he again became an active minister, serving the small congregation of Huizen, Dutch province of North Holland until 1769. Then he retired again and lived at Leiden until his death, devoting himself to the study of philosophy and literature. He was editor of several scholarly and popular philosophical reviews like De Philosooph, De Denker, and De Rhapsodist, and contributed to the many cultural periodicals (Spectatoriale Geschrijten) of his age.

In 1767 he founded the Maatschappij tot behoudenis der verdronkenen, now Maatschappij tot redding van drenkelingen (Society for Rescuing of Drowning Persons), through which thousands of lives have been saved. Van Engelen, who indisputably was more interested in cultural matters than theological problems, was a typical and influential representative of 18th-century Dutch Mennonitism.

[edit] Bibliography

Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1867): 106; (1868): 70, 100, 106; (1912): 106.

Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: v. II, Nos. 1902, 1997.

Sepp, Chr. Johannes Stinstra en zijn tijd. Amsterdam, 1865: II 150 ff., 278 f.

Visscher, H. and L. A. van Langeraad. Het protestantsche vaderland: biographisch woordenboek van protestantsche godgeleerden in Nederland, 8 vols. Utrecht, 1903-1918: v. II, 735.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1956


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Engelen, Cornelis van (ca. 1722-1793)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 22 Sep 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Engelen,_Cornelis_van_(ca._1722-1793)&oldid=117709.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1956). Engelen, Cornelis van (ca. 1722-1793). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 September 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Engelen,_Cornelis_van_(ca._1722-1793)&oldid=117709.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 214. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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