Frischlin, Nikodemus (1547-1590)
Among his poetic works his comedies are most important. One of them, presented in 1580 in Tübingen before princes and lords, printed several times between 1592 and 1619, twice in German translation (in 1606 by Johannes Bertesius and in 1613 by Arnold Glaser), is Phasma, Comcedia posthuma, nova et sacra de variis hceresibus et hceresiarchis, in Latin with German additions. An Anabaptist, Melibceus by name, an adherent of Karlstadt and Müntzer, stands in the center of the first and second acts. To his wife he defends in a rude tone of voice communism of possessions and of women, and in an argument with Luther he rejects infant baptism, oath, and government; he has sold his possessions and is going to Moravia. In the two following acts the Catholics are presented, as well as Zwingli, Karlstadt, and Schwenckfeld, while Brenz, the reformer of Württemberg, associates with Luther. In the last act Frischlin, although he occasionally has more liberal religious ideas, has all non-Lutherans, including our Anabaptist, condemned to hell by Christ, who is accompanied by Peter and Paul. Of the choruses between the acts, one is directed against heretics, and another contains requests to the government against the Anabaptists.
Goedeke, K. Grundriss zur Geschichte der deutschen Dichtung II 2, ed. 2. Dresden, 1886: 140, 386.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 12.
Strauss, D. F. Leben und Schriften des Dichters und Philologen Nicodemus Frischlin. Frankfurt, 1856: Especially pp. 125-30; see the translation of the first acts of the Phasma by Immanuel Hoch (Stuttgart, 1839) under the title, Die Religionsschwärmer oder Mucker; als da sind: Wiedertäufer, Nachtmahlsschwärmer und Schwenckfelder.
Cite This Article
Crous, Ernst. "Frischlin, Nikodemus (1547-1590)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 17 Oct 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Frischlin,_Nikodemus_(1547-1590)&oldid=64267.
Crous, Ernst. (1956). Frischlin, Nikodemus (1547-1590). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 17 October 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Frischlin,_Nikodemus_(1547-1590)&oldid=64267.
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