Herzenberg (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine)
Herzenberg (later Alexandrovka) was a Mennonite village established in 1880 in the district of Pavlograd, province of Ekaterinoslav, Ukraine, Russia, by Mennonites from the Molotschna settlement. They purchased 8,000 acres of land at the price of about 31 rubles per acre from a nobleman after whom the village was named. Crops during the first years were poor. Later the village prospered particularly in sheep-raising. The first school building erected in 1885 was replaced in 1912 by a massive structure. In 1889, 95 children died of diphtheria and in 1919-1920, 18 adults died of typhoid fever. During the political unrest of 1905 buildings on several farms were destroyed by fire. In connection with the Revolution of 1917, the village was robbed and eight persons killed. Little is known about the final fate of this village under the Soviets.
About one third of the settlers of the village belonged to the Mennonite Church, which was a subsidiary of the Orloff Mennonite Church. The first minister was Kornelius Siemens, ordained in 1881. In 1905 Johann Wölk, ordained in 1882, was the minister. The group was organized in 1881 and had a membership of 31 in 1905 with a total population of 80. The Mennonite Brethren group was a branch of the Rückenau Mennonite Brethren Church. Its first leader was Jakob Dirksen, who was succeeded as leader by Dietrich Friesen, ordained as minister in 1895. This congregation, organized in 1880, had a membership of 79 and a total population of 180 in 1905.
Dirks, Heinrich. Statistik der Mennonitengemeinden in Russland Ende 1905 (Anhang zum Mennonitischen Jahrbuche 1904/05). Gnadenfeld: Dirks, 1905: 15, 50, 62, 67.
Friesen, Peter M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911: 417, 444, 704.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 292.
Cite This Article
Krahn, Cornelius. "Herzenberg (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 21 Apr 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Herzenberg_(Dnipropetrovsk_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=81983.
Krahn, Cornelius. (1956). Herzenberg (Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 April 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Herzenberg_(Dnipropetrovsk_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=81983.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, p. 717. All rights reserved.
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