Kommerau (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Kommerau (also known as Osiek and Kammerau; now known as Komorsk; coordinates: 53.574467, 18.674182 [53° 34′ 28″ N, 18° 40′ 27″ E]; population in 1905, 116; in 2013, 380) is located approximately 12 kilometers north-west of Grudziądz (Graudenz), 23 km. north-east of Świecie (Schwetz), 24 km. south-west of Kwidzyn (Marienwerder), and 30 km. north-east of Chełmno (Culm).
Dutch Mennonites founded the settlement of Kommerau on the left bank of the Vistula River in ca. 1570. Land leases of 1604, 1656, 1684, and 1773 have been preserved. In 1623 the Mennonites of Kommerau obtained exemption from military taxes and quartering of soldiers.
Until 1772 Kommerau was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, in which the village was located. Kommerau was situated in the district (Kreis) of Schwetz in Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of the Pomeranian Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic. Kommerau came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until March 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2013 Kommerau (now Komorsk) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Warlubie, within Świecie County, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.
In 1776 there were eight Mennonite families in Kommerau with the following surnames: Baltzer, Bartel, Frantz, Funck, Goertz, Kliewer, Kopper, and Unrau. In 1824 there were 11 Mennonites identified as landholders in Kommerau, Amt Neuenburg.
Mennonites who were residents of Kommerau were members of the Montau-Gruppe Mennonite Church.
Wiebe, Herbert. Das Siedlungswerk der Niederland Mennoniten ... Marburg a. d. Lahn, 1952: 23, 80.
Wikipedia. "Komorsk." Web. 10 April 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komorsk.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 10 April 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=3440.
|Author(s)||Nanne van der Zijpp|
|Richard D. Thiessen|
|Date Published||April 2013|
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der and Richard D. Thiessen. "Kommerau (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2013. Web. 21 Oct 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kommerau_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=110817.
Zijpp, Nanne van der and Richard D. Thiessen. (April 2013). Kommerau (Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 October 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kommerau_(Kuyavian-Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=110817.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 218. All rights reserved.
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