Kronsnest (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
Kronsnest (also known as Cronsnest, Kransnest, and Crohnest; now known as Rachowo; coordinates: 54.028333, 19.3975 [54° 1′ 42″ N, 19° 23′ 51″ E]; population in 1905, 290; in 2013, 198) is located approximately 15 kilometers (9 miles) south of Elbląg (Elbing), 23 km. (17 miles) east of Malbork (Marienburg), and 28 km. (17 miles) south-east of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof).
The area that eventually became Kronsnest was formed as a result of the recession of a lake shore. Initially, the area was covered by a marsh and later by wet-ground forest. The forest was cleared beginning in 1558, and Dutch colonists settled in the cleared area ca. 1590. Kronsnest was first mentioned as a village in 1609. Until 1772 Kronsnest was located in what was known as Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, in which Kronsnest was located. Kronsnest was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienburg until the establishment of the Free City of Danzig in 1920. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until February 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2013 Kronsnest (now Rachowo) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Markusy, within Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship.
The 1776 Prussian census lists mentioned the following Mennonite surnames: Dircksen, Engbrecht, Fraetz, Froese, Kaettler, Kleewer, Kneiphoff, Martens, Penner, Quiring, and Unger. In 1820, the village had 292 residents, including 73 Mennonites. In 1885, the village had 45 włókas (808 hectares) of land, 56 houses, and 355 residents, including 68 Mennonites.
Mennonites who were residents of Kronsnest were members of the Thiensdorf-Markushof Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Rachowo." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 4 April 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=424&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Rachowo." Web. 4 April 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rachowo.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 4 April 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=3654.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||April 2013|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Kronsnest (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2013. Web. 22 Oct 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kronsnest_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=95684.
Thiessen, Richard D. (April 2013). Kronsnest (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 October 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kronsnest_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=95684.
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