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Kronsweide, a village in the [[Chortitza Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Chortitza Mennonite settlement]], [[Ukraine|Ukraine]], South Russia, was founded in 1790 by [[Frisian Mennonites|Frisian Mennonites]] near [[Einlage (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Einlage]], and was first called [[Alt-Kronsweide (Chortitza Settlement, Ukraine)|Alt-Kronsweide]]<em>. </em>Shortage of water compelled its abandonment in 1833; only five or six farmers remained. About four versts away, in a deep valley, Neu-Kronsweide was built, which in the course of 85 years grew into a thriving colony. Here was located the central church of the Kronsweide congregation; a second one ([[Schönwiese Mennonite Church (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Schönwiese Mennonite Church]]) was built in  [[Schönwiese (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Schönwiese]] in 1862. In October 1919, while the [[Russian Revolution and Civil War|Revolution]] was raging, Neu-Kronsweide was destroyed by fire and sword; 14 men were murdered; only the bare walls were left of the church. In 1925 the village began to be slowly rebuilt by returning fugitives, but it was as laborious as 130 years earlier. No village in the Kronsweide congregation suffered so disastrously as Neu-Kronsweide and Andreasfeld<em>, </em>which was also wiped out.
 
Kronsweide, a village in the [[Chortitza Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Chortitza Mennonite settlement]], [[Ukraine|Ukraine]], South Russia, was founded in 1790 by [[Frisian Mennonites|Frisian Mennonites]] near [[Einlage (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Einlage]], and was first called [[Alt-Kronsweide (Chortitza Settlement, Ukraine)|Alt-Kronsweide]]<em>. </em>Shortage of water compelled its abandonment in 1833; only five or six farmers remained. About four versts away, in a deep valley, Neu-Kronsweide was built, which in the course of 85 years grew into a thriving colony. Here was located the central church of the Kronsweide congregation; a second one ([[Schönwiese Mennonite Church (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Schönwiese Mennonite Church]]) was built in  [[Schönwiese (Chortitza Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Schönwiese]] in 1862. In October 1919, while the [[Russian Revolution and Civil War|Revolution]] was raging, Neu-Kronsweide was destroyed by fire and sword; 14 men were murdered; only the bare walls were left of the church. In 1925 the village began to be slowly rebuilt by returning fugitives, but it was as laborious as 130 years earlier. No village in the Kronsweide congregation suffered so disastrously as Neu-Kronsweide and Andreasfeld<em>, </em>which was also wiped out.
 
= Bibliography =
 
= Bibliography =
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. <em>Mennonitisches Lexikon</em>. Frankfurt &amp; Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 578.
+
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. <em>Mennonitisches Lexikon</em>. Frankfurt &amp; Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 578.
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 3, p. 249|date=1957|a1_last=Epp|a1_first=David H|a2_last=|a2_first=}}
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 3, p. 249|date=1957|a1_last=Epp|a1_first=David H|a2_last=|a2_first=}}

Revision as of 14:42, 23 August 2013

Kronsweide, a village in the Chortitza Mennonite settlement, Ukraine, South Russia, was founded in 1790 by Frisian Mennonites near Einlage, and was first called Alt-Kronsweide. Shortage of water compelled its abandonment in 1833; only five or six farmers remained. About four versts away, in a deep valley, Neu-Kronsweide was built, which in the course of 85 years grew into a thriving colony. Here was located the central church of the Kronsweide congregation; a second one (Schönwiese Mennonite Church) was built in  Schönwiese in 1862. In October 1919, while the Revolution was raging, Neu-Kronsweide was destroyed by fire and sword; 14 men were murdered; only the bare walls were left of the church. In 1925 the village began to be slowly rebuilt by returning fugitives, but it was as laborious as 130 years earlier. No village in the Kronsweide congregation suffered so disastrously as Neu-Kronsweide and Andreasfeld, which was also wiped out.

Bibliography

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 578.


Author(s) David H Epp
Date Published 1957


Cite This Article

MLA style

Epp, David H. "Kronsweide (Chortitza Mennonite settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 18 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kronsweide_(Chortitza_Mennonite_settlement,_Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=95686.

APA style

Epp, David H. (1957). Kronsweide (Chortitza Mennonite settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kronsweide_(Chortitza_Mennonite_settlement,_Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=95686.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 249. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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