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Kulak (Russian word meaning fist), a term introduced during the days of Stalin's rigid collectivization after Lenin's death. Its origin, however, may go back to an earlier date. It refers to the middle class of the peasant society that was blamed for the delay of the collectivization and socialization process within the Soviet system. The kulaks were sent into exile in great numbers as a warning example and to speed up the realization of the Soviet policies. The Mennonites belonging to the middle class were particularly affected by this process. (See also Concentration Camps, Russia.)


Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1959


Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Kulak." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 2 Oct 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kulak&oldid=82981.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Kulak. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 2 October 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kulak&oldid=82981.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 1100. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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