Lee County (Iowa, USA)
In the early fifties Palatinate Mennonites moved to Franklin Township, Lee County, about eight miles from West Point, and there organized a church. Their first church, built two miles northwest of Donnellson in 1855, came to be known as Zion, and was rebuilt in 1880. In 1909 their third church was erected in the town of Donnellson. The Mennonites decided that their two churches were too far apart and so they constructed a third one in the town of Franklin in 1868. This church began to decline a few years later when members moved away, and became extinct.
The West Point and Zion churches are important for the part they played in the organization of the General Conference Mennonite Church. In 1853 the two congregations had held a conference in which they agreed to work together in harmony, and in a second conference in 1859 they agreed to invite other Mennonite churches to join their union. As a result, the delegates of four churches met at West Point on 28 and 29 May 1860 in a meeting that is regarded to be the beginning of the General Conference Mennonite Church. In 1954 the Lee County General Conference membership was 233.
Probably the first Amish Mennonites to move to Iowa were the members of the Christian Raber family, who came to Lee County from Hamilton County, Ohio, in 1840, and settled near Charleston. Christian is the ancestor of several Rabers who became ministers in the Mennonite church. The Rabers were joined by other families: Rogie, Kinsinger, Werey, Hauder, Reese, Fordemwalt, Augspurger, Goldsmith, Schwartzentruber, Plank, von Gunden, Wagler, Shantz, Lehman, Schrock, Musser, King, Klopfenstein, Miller, Schlotter, Bechler, and Roth.
The date of the organization of the church is uncertain, but since Christian Raber was an ordained Amish preacher, services may have been held in the early 1840s. Christian Schwarzentruber, an Amish bishop, moved to Lee County very likely in 1845. It is probable that the church was organized in the year of his arrival. The most influential Amish leader was Bishop Joseph Goldsmith, who settled there in 1846. John Fordemwalt, another Amish preacher, located there in 1849. The largest membership of the church may have been 50. In 1855 the church began to decline as members moved to
Davis and Henry counties and other places. This was caused in part by the faulty land titles held by some of the Amish settlers.
Gingerich, Melvin. The Mennonites in Iowa : marking the one hundredth anniversary of the coming of the Mennonites to Iowa. Iowa City, IA: State Historical Society of Iowa, 1939.
Krehbiel, William J. History of One Branch of the Krehbiel Family. McPherson, 1950.
Neufeld, Vernon. "Mennonites Settle in Lee County, Iowa." Mennonite Life 8 (October 1953): 170.
Cite This Article
Gingerich, Melvin. "Lee County (Iowa, USA)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 21 Jul 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Lee_County_(Iowa,_USA)&oldid=92410.
Gingerich, Melvin. (1957). Lee County (Iowa, USA). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 July 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Lee_County_(Iowa,_USA)&oldid=92410.
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