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         Wish them guys would get here.</div> <em>Matewan </em>is an American drama film written and directed by John Sayles, illustrating the events of a coal mine-workers’ strike and attempt to unionize in 1920 in the small town of Matewan, Mingo County, [[West Virginia (USA)|West Virginia]]. Though the story is fiction many of the film’s characters are historic people.
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         Wish them guys would get here.</div>  
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<em>Matewan </em>is an American drama film written and directed by John Sayles, illustrating the events of a coal mine-workers’ strike and attempt to unionize in 1920 in the small town of Matewan, Mingo County, [[West Virginia (USA)|West Virginia]]. Though the story is fiction many of the film’s characters are historic people.
  
 
<span class="Apple-style-span">The drama begins when the Stone Mountain Coal Company of Matewan, announces a lower pay rate for miners, who respond by calling a strike. A union organizer, Joe Kenehan, played by Chris Cooper, who is also a "red," an ex-Wobbly, and a pacifist, is invited in to organize the workers. Italian and Black miners, led by a huge man named Few Cloths, played by James Earl Jones, are brought in initially to break the strike but soon they stop working, too, and join Joe Kenehan’s union. The workers overcome their racism and prejudice in order to organize themselves against the powerful mining corporation who has hired armed thugs from Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency. Some of the miners participate in the local Baptist church in which the director, John Sayles, plays a minor role as preacher. The company agents evict miners from their homes, threaten local officials, assault miners, and use agents provocateur. Though the town’s mayor, Chief of Police and Joe Kenehan try to keep the strike peaceful the Baldwin-Felts agents are determined to punish the strikers resulting in a climatic gun fight in which Kenehan, the mayor, and several Baldwin-Felts agents are killed.</span>
 
<span class="Apple-style-span">The drama begins when the Stone Mountain Coal Company of Matewan, announces a lower pay rate for miners, who respond by calling a strike. A union organizer, Joe Kenehan, played by Chris Cooper, who is also a "red," an ex-Wobbly, and a pacifist, is invited in to organize the workers. Italian and Black miners, led by a huge man named Few Cloths, played by James Earl Jones, are brought in initially to break the strike but soon they stop working, too, and join Joe Kenehan’s union. The workers overcome their racism and prejudice in order to organize themselves against the powerful mining corporation who has hired armed thugs from Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency. Some of the miners participate in the local Baptist church in which the director, John Sayles, plays a minor role as preacher. The company agents evict miners from their homes, threaten local officials, assault miners, and use agents provocateur. Though the town’s mayor, Chief of Police and Joe Kenehan try to keep the strike peaceful the Baldwin-Felts agents are determined to punish the strikers resulting in a climatic gun fight in which Kenehan, the mayor, and several Baldwin-Felts agents are killed.</span>

Revision as of 06:27, 16 September 2013

Box illustration for VHS version of Matewan
Matewan: English language, colour, 35 mm film, released by Cinecom Pictures on 28 August 1987; 135 minutes, aspect ratio 1.85:1, rated: PG-13. VHS of the film was released in 1997 by Evergreen Entertainment Group; DVD of the film was released in 2003 by the PDX Studio. 
100   EXT. TENT CAMP   NIGHT   JOE AND FEW [Cloths]

Joe is deep in thought as he speaks


                    JOE


         When I was in Leavenworth there was a

         bunch of Mennonites    in cause they

         wouldn't fight in the war.  Gainst their

         religion.  It's also gainst their

         religion to shave their beards or wear

         buttons on their clothes, and they was

         bein forced to do both by the prison

         guards.  So they refused to work.  Went

         on a strike, right there in Hell's Half

         Acre.


         They were handcuffed to the bars of a

         cellhouse, eight hours a day for two

         full weeks.  They were put with their

         arms up like this, so's they had to

         stand on their toes or those cuffs would

         cut into their wrists.  Can't nobody

         stay on their toes eight hours.

         Pretty soon their fingers would start to

         swoll up, they'd turn blue and then

         they'd crack open and the blood would

         run down their arms    eight hours a

         day, day after day, an still they

         wouldn't work, still they tore the

         buttons off their uniforms every time

         they were sewed back on.  Tore em with

         their teeth, cause their hands wouldn't

         close no more.


         Now I don't claim a thing for myself   

         but them fellas, never lifted a gun in

         their lives, you couldn't find any

         braver in my book.


They sit silent for a moment   


                   JOE


         Wish them guys would get here.

Matewan is an American drama film written and directed by John Sayles, illustrating the events of a coal mine-workers’ strike and attempt to unionize in 1920 in the small town of Matewan, Mingo County, West Virginia. Though the story is fiction many of the film’s characters are historic people.

The drama begins when the Stone Mountain Coal Company of Matewan, announces a lower pay rate for miners, who respond by calling a strike. A union organizer, Joe Kenehan, played by Chris Cooper, who is also a "red," an ex-Wobbly, and a pacifist, is invited in to organize the workers. Italian and Black miners, led by a huge man named Few Cloths, played by James Earl Jones, are brought in initially to break the strike but soon they stop working, too, and join Joe Kenehan’s union. The workers overcome their racism and prejudice in order to organize themselves against the powerful mining corporation who has hired armed thugs from Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency. Some of the miners participate in the local Baptist church in which the director, John Sayles, plays a minor role as preacher. The company agents evict miners from their homes, threaten local officials, assault miners, and use agents provocateur. Though the town’s mayor, Chief of Police and Joe Kenehan try to keep the strike peaceful the Baldwin-Felts agents are determined to punish the strikers resulting in a climatic gun fight in which Kenehan, the mayor, and several Baldwin-Felts agents are killed.

For Mennonites the film is notable for one scene. When Joe Kenehan and Few Cloths become friends Kenehan tells him that he was in Fort Leavenworth Military Penitentiary in 1917, and saw Mennonites imprisoned there for refusing to bear arms. They inspired him as they passively resisted having their beards shaved. They also ripped the buttons off their prison clothes, since these were against their religion.

The text from the shooting script of the film is to the right.

Though Mennonites are mentioned by Joe Kenehan and indeed many Mennonites were imprisoned in Fort Leavenworth Military Penitentiary in 1917-19 for resisting the United States draft, the description of the punishment inflicted on the inmates more correctly describe that inflicted on several Hutterian Brethren in particular on brothers Joseph and Michael Hofer, and on David Hofer, and Jacob Wipf.

The film was universally praised; it received numerous positive reviews and received an Oscar nomination in 1988 Best Cinematography. Matewan is a sometimes called milestone of independent filmmaking, with it being one of Sayles's finest achievements.

Bibliography

Sayles, John. Thinking in Pictures: The Masking of the Movie "Matewan." Boston, Massachusetts: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1987. x, 140, (2) , 180 pp.  [see page 138 for the script reference.]

Additional Information

Internet Movie Database entry


Author(s) Victor Wiebe
Date Published June 2011


Cite This Article

MLA style

Wiebe, Victor. "Matewan (Film)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. June 2011. Web. 19 Sep 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Matewan_(Film)&oldid=101620.

APA style

Wiebe, Victor. (June 2011). Matewan (Film). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 19 September 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Matewan_(Film)&oldid=101620.




©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.