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Meenen (Menin), a town in West Flanders, [[Belgium|Belgium]], was the center of Anabaptist-Mennonite activity in the 16th century. There was a congregation from at least 1545. [[Leenaert Bouwens (1515-1582)|Leenaert Bouwens]] baptized 26 persons here in 1554-1556 and in 1577-1561 another 21 (or perhaps 46). About this time [[Joris Wippe (d. 1558)|Joris Wippe]] (he was not a burgomaster of Meenen, as has been supposed), who was executed at [[Dordrecht (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands)|Dordrecht]], Holland, in 1558, was a member of the congregation, as was also [[Lenaert Plovier (d. 1560)|Leenaert Plovier]], a cloth merchant, executed at [[Antwerp (Belgium)|Antwerp]] in 1560. Pieter van der Meersch was a preacher of the Meenen congregation until 1564; [[Jacob de Rore (ca. 1532-1569)|Jacob de Keersgieter]] (de Rore) baptized here about 1566. Since baptism was still performed at Meenen in 1578, it is probable that the congregation existed at least until this time. The Meenen congregation was often struck by severe persecution, particularly in 1561 and 1569, while in 1567 during a raid a number of Mennonites escaped; their property, however, was confiscated. Eight Mennonites arrested here were executed at [[Kortrijk (West-Vlaanderen, Belgium)|Kortrijk]] in 1569: [[Absolon de Zanger (d. 1561)|Absolon de Zanger]] and [[Willem van Haverbeke (d. 1561)|Willem van Haverbeke]] in 1561, and [[Pieter den Ouden (d. 1569)|Pieter den Ouden]], [[Fransoois de Timmerman (d. 1569)|Fransoois de Timmerman]], [[Jan Raes (d. 1569)|Jan van Raes]], [[Jan Wattier de Jonge (d. 1569)|Jan Wattier]], Wouter Denijs, and [[Kalleken (d. 1569)|Kalleken]], the wife of [[Anpleunis vanden Berghe (d. 1568)|Anpleunis van den Berge]]. A number of [[Anabaptism|Anabaptists]] of Meenen suffered martyrdom in other Belgian towns, particularly at [[Ghent (Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium)|Ghent]] and Antwerp. This indicates that there must have been a rather strong Anabaptist-Mennonite movement at Meenen. In 1578 (or 79) the martyr [[Michiel Buyse (d. 1589)|Michiel Buyse]] was baptized at Meenen.
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Meenen (Menin), a town in West Flanders, [[Belgium|Belgium]], was the center of Anabaptist-Mennonite activity in the 16th century. There was a congregation from at least 1545. [[Leenaert Bouwens (1515-1582)|Leenaert Bouwens]] baptized 26 persons here in 1554-1556 and in 1577-1561 another 21 (or perhaps 46). About this time [[Joris Wippe (d. 1558)|Joris Wippe]] (he was not a burgomaster of Meenen, as has been supposed), who was executed at [[Dordrecht (Zuid-Holland, Netherlands)|Dordrecht]], Holland, in 1558, was a member of the congregation, as was also [[Lenaert Plovier (d. 1560)|Leenaert Plovier]], a cloth merchant, executed at [[Antwerp (Belgium)|Antwerp]] in 1560. Pieter van der Meersch was a preacher of the Meenen congregation until 1564; [[Jacob de Rore (ca. 1532-1569)|Jacob de Keersgieter]] (de Rore) baptized here about 1566. Since baptism was still performed at Meenen in 1578, it is probable that the congregation existed at least until this time. The Meenen congregation was often struck by severe persecution, particularly in 1561 and 1569, while in 1567 during a raid a number of Mennonites escaped; their property, however, was confiscated. Eight Mennonites arrested here were executed at [[Kortrijk (West-Vlaanderen, Belgium)|Kortrijk]] in 1569: [[Absolon de Zanger (d. 1561)|Absolon de Zanger]] and [[Willem van Haverbeke (d. 1561)|Willem van Haverbeke]] in 1561, and [[Pieter den Ouden (d. 1569)|Pieter den Ouden]], [[Fransoois de Timmerman (d. 1569)|Fransoois de Timmerman]], [[Jan Raes (d. 1569)|Jan van Raes]], [[Jan Wattier de Jonge (d. 1569)|Jan Wattier]], Wouter Denijs, and [[Kalleken (d. 1569)|Kalleken]], the wife of [[Anpleunis vanden Berghe (d. 1568)|Anpleunis van den Berge]]. A number of [[Anabaptism|Anabaptists]] of Meenen suffered martyrdom in other Belgian towns, particularly at [[Ghent (Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium)|Ghent]] and Antwerp. This indicates that there must have been a rather strong Anabaptist-Mennonite movement at Meenen. In 1578 (or 79) the martyr [[Michiel Buyse (d. 1589)|Michiel Buyse]] was baptized at Meenen.
  
 
About 1581 the remaining members of the congregation fled to the [[Netherlands|Netherlands]]. Some of them, e.g., the [[Apostool family|Apostool]] and the [[Meersch, van der, family|van der Meersch]] families, emigrated to Haarlem, Holland, where they founded important weaving mills and linen bleacheries.
 
About 1581 the remaining members of the congregation fled to the [[Netherlands|Netherlands]]. Some of them, e.g., the [[Apostool family|Apostool]] and the [[Meersch, van der, family|van der Meersch]] families, emigrated to Haarlem, Holland, where they founded important weaving mills and linen bleacheries.
 
 
 
= Bibliography =
 
= Bibliography =
 
Kühler, Wilhelmus Johannes. <em>Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Doopsgezinden in de Zestiende Eeuw</em>. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1932: 439.
 
Kühler, Wilhelmus Johannes. <em>Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Doopsgezinden in de Zestiende Eeuw</em>. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1932: 439.
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Verheyden, A. L. E. <em>Het Gentsche Martyrologium (1530-1595)</em>. Brugge: De Tempel, 1946: 68, note 1.
 
Verheyden, A. L. E. <em>Het Gentsche Martyrologium (1530-1595)</em>. Brugge: De Tempel, 1946: 68, note 1.
 
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Latest revision as of 09:25, 20 January 2014

Meenen (Menin), a town in West Flanders, Belgium, was the center of Anabaptist-Mennonite activity in the 16th century. There was a congregation from at least 1545. Leenaert Bouwens baptized 26 persons here in 1554-1556 and in 1577-1561 another 21 (or perhaps 46). About this time Joris Wippe (he was not a burgomaster of Meenen, as has been supposed), who was executed at Dordrecht, Holland, in 1558, was a member of the congregation, as was also Leenaert Plovier, a cloth merchant, executed at Antwerp in 1560. Pieter van der Meersch was a preacher of the Meenen congregation until 1564; Jacob de Keersgieter (de Rore) baptized here about 1566. Since baptism was still performed at Meenen in 1578, it is probable that the congregation existed at least until this time. The Meenen congregation was often struck by severe persecution, particularly in 1561 and 1569, while in 1567 during a raid a number of Mennonites escaped; their property, however, was confiscated. Eight Mennonites arrested here were executed at Kortrijk in 1569: Absolon de Zanger and Willem van Haverbeke in 1561, and Pieter den Ouden, Fransoois de Timmerman, Jan van Raes, Jan Wattier, Wouter Denijs, and Kalleken, the wife of Anpleunis van den Berge. A number of Anabaptists of Meenen suffered martyrdom in other Belgian towns, particularly at Ghent and Antwerp. This indicates that there must have been a rather strong Anabaptist-Mennonite movement at Meenen. In 1578 (or 79) the martyr Michiel Buyse was baptized at Meenen.

About 1581 the remaining members of the congregation fled to the Netherlands. Some of them, e.g., the Apostool and the van der Meersch families, emigrated to Haarlem, Holland, where they founded important weaving mills and linen bleacheries.

[edit] Bibliography

Kühler, Wilhelmus Johannes. Geschiedenis der Nederlandsche Doopsgezinden in de Zestiende Eeuw. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink, 1932: 439.

Verheyden, A. L. E. "Mennisme in Vlaanderen." Unpublished manuscript.

Verheyden, A. L. E. Het Gentsche Martyrologium (1530-1595). Brugge: De Tempel, 1946: 68, note 1.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1957


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Meenen (West-Vlaanderen, Belgium)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 29 Dec 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Meenen_(West-Vlaanderen,_Belgium)&oldid=108841.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1957). Meenen (West-Vlaanderen, Belgium). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 29 December 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Meenen_(West-Vlaanderen,_Belgium)&oldid=108841.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 556. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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