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Monschau (Mondschau, Monjoie, Monjou, Montjoie) in a town in the Eifel Mountains in the district of Aachen, Germany (coordinates: 50° 33′ 16″ N, 6° 14′ 19″ E), the birthplace of the martyr Maria van Montjoie, executed there in 1552. It is not very likely that Maria's death was an isolated instance, but about Anabaptism-Mennonitism in Monschau there is not much information. Elder Theunis van Hastenrath visited Monschau about 1550, but did not preach or baptize in the town. Ottius published a letter of 1557 which states that there were in the Eifel area more than 50 congregations, most of them with a large membership, of Moravian Hutterites (see Merlanders).

Later there was a Mennonite congregation in or near Monschau. On 24 January 1711 Jan Helgers, preacher of Burtscheid near Aachen, wrote a letter to Abr. Jacob Fries at Amsterdam, informing Fries, the treasurer of the Dutch Committee of Foreign Needs, that the Mennonites of Monschau had been expelled from hearth and home and were now planning to settle in the Dutch province of South Holland; Jan Pluys, their preacher, had already moved there, and they hoped to earn their living by farming.


Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1909): 123.

Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. 2 v. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: I, No. 1305.

Der Mennonit 9 (1956): No. 1, 10; No. 7, 108.

Ottius, J. H. Annales Anabaptistica. Basel, 1672: 130.

Scheibler, Walter. "Die Wiedertäufer im Monschauer Land." Geschichte der Evangelischen Gemeinde Monschau 1520-1939. Aachen, 1939: 15-33.

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. "Monschau (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 30 Apr 2016.,_Germany)&oldid=59036.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne. (1957). Monschau (Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 30 April 2016, from,_Germany)&oldid=59036.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 741. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

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