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Morija Deaconess Home, located at Neu-Halbstadt, South Russia, was the first and only Mennonite deaconesshome to be established in Russia, opened on 3 December 1909. A 3-year course offered theoretical as well as practical instruction to Mennonite girls, who offered to dedicate their lives as Christian nurses in Mennonite charitable institutions. The deaconess home also served as a mother house, keeping and caring for the nurses in sickness and old age. The institution was organized as a private charitable organization, all Mennonite churches participating, the initiators being Franz Wall, head of the Muntau Hospital, Peter Schmidt, a rich landowner, and Dr. Erich A. Tavonius, the father of Dr. Erica Tavonius at Fernheim, Paraguay. The home accepted up to 40 nursing students every year. After the Revolution first the religious aspect of the school was changed and in 1927 the last Mennonite head nurse was removed and the deaconess home turned into a medical institute under a Communist leader.


Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III: 167.

Mennonite Rundschau (1929): No. 34.

Author(s) J. A Koehn
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

Koehn, J. A. "Morija Deaconess Home (Neu-Halbstadt, Molotschna Settlement, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 14 Oct 2015.,_Molotschna_Settlement,_Ukraine)&oldid=59073.

APA style

Koehn, J. A. (1957). Morija Deaconess Home (Neu-Halbstadt, Molotschna Settlement, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 14 October 2015, from,_Molotschna_Settlement,_Ukraine)&oldid=59073.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 752. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

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