Oberfeld (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Oberfeld (also known as Oberfeldt; now known as Obory; coordinates: 53.73, 18.891944 [53° 43′ 48″ N, 18° 53′ 31″ E]; population in 1905, 219; in 2013, 282) is located approximately 3 kilometres (2 miles) west of Kwidzyn (Marienwerder) and 73 km. (45 miles) south of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig). It is located west of Marienwerder (Kwidzyn) and east of the Vistula River
Oberfeld was settled by Dutch colonists, most likely at the beginning of the 18th century. Oberfeld was part of the Duchy of Prussia (Ducal Prussia). The First Partition of Poland in 1772 resulted in the creation of a new province on 31 January 1773, called West Prussia, and Oberfeld, as part of the territory surrounding the city of Marienwerder, was reallocated from East Prussia (formerly Ducal Prussia) to West Prussia.
The village was situated in the district (Kreis) of Marienwerder in Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder until the end of World War I, when it came under the jurisdiction of East Prussia. The village came under the control of Nazi Germany during World War II until March 1945, when it was occupied by Soviet forces and returned to Poland. In 2013 Oberfeld (now Obory) was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Kwidzyn, within Kwidzyn County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1824 Marienwerder land census lists two Mennonite families as landholders in Oberfeld. In 1827, Oberfeld had 7 houses and 93 residents, and in 1886, it had 74 inhabitants and 232 morga (139 hectares).
Mennonites who were residents of Oberfeld were members of the Tragheimerweide Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Obory." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 19 April 2013. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=127&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Obory, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 19 April 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obory,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 19 April 2013. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=4821.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||April 2013|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Oberfeld (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. April 2013. Web. 18 Nov 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Oberfeld_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=95967.
Thiessen, Richard D. (April 2013). Oberfeld (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 November 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Oberfeld_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=95967.
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