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Passau, Germany
Source: Wikipedia Commons

Passau (coordinates: 48° 34′ 0″ N, 13° 28′ 0″ E), a city on the Danube in Lower Bavaria, Germany, once a fortress, where, according to some reports, a small Anabaptist congregation formed at the beginning of the Reformation period. In 1527 Hans Hut baptized Hermann Kheil, a citizen of Passau (Vergicht Passau, 4 February 1529; Nicoladoni: 28). Wolfgang Brandhuber, Lienhard Stieglitz, and other Anabaptist leaders stemmed from Passau. The appendix to Nicoladoni's book contains the records of several Anabaptist trials in Passau. In 1537 about sixty Anabaptists on their way from Moravia to South Germany, were seized in Passau and held in the castle prison for five years. Many died including the song writers Hans Betz (Petz) and Bernhard (Michael) Schneider. The prisoners wrote fifty-one hymns, which are contained in the Ausbund. (See also Philippites.)

Bibliography

Beck, Josef. Die Geschichts-Bücher der Wiedertäufer in Oesterreich-Ungarn. Vienna, 1883; reprinted Nieuwkoop: De Graaf, 1967: X and 132.

Erbkam, H. W. Geschichte der protestantischen Sekten im Zeitalter der Reformation. Hamburg and Gotha, 1848.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 336.

Nicoladoni, A. Johannes Bunderlin von Linz und die oberösterreichischen Täufergemeinden. Berlin, 1893.

Winter, V. A. Gesch. der bayerischen Wiedertaufer im 16. Jahrhundert. Munich, 1809.

Wolkan, Rudolf. Geschicht-Buch der Hutterischen Brüder. Macleod, AB, and Vienna, 1923: 74.


Author(s) Christian Neff
Date Published 1959


Cite This Article

MLA style

Neff, Christian. "Passau (Freistaat Bayern, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 21 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Passau_(Freistaat_Bayern,_Germany)&oldid=103258.

APA style

Neff, Christian. (1959). Passau (Freistaat Bayern, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Passau_(Freistaat_Bayern,_Germany)&oldid=103258.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 122. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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