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Planerkolonie, located north of the Sea of Azov between Mariupol and Berdyansk, Ukraine, was a German settlement established in 1822. The name was derived from a "plan" which was worked out by the government for the settlement. The settlers of the original 17 villages came from the Marienburg, Danzig, and Elbing area of Prussia where the Mennonites also came from. Although these settlers spoke Plattdeutsch and established homes and vil­lages similar to those of the Mennonites and some had "Mennonite" names they were not Mennonites. The village names were primarily given in memo­ry of those from which they had come. The settlers had spent some years in the Molotschna settlement and were later joined by others coming from South Germany. The original Planer settlement was lo­cated just north of the five Mennonite villages of Bergthal. When the Bergthal Mennonites left for America in 1874 their villages became a part of the Planer settlement.

The original Planer settlement consisted of 27 villages and the five Bergthal Mennonite villages, of which Grünau, Ludwigstal, and Bergthal were the district seats. The Planer mother settlement spread into the surrounding territory of Mariupol, estab­lishing 19 additional villages. The settlement also spread into the East, establishing a daughter settle­ment in the Don Basin. The 20 villages had names like Liebental, Grüntal, and Gnadenfeld. Another daughter settlement was established north of Ber­dyansk with the following villages: Neuhoffnung, Rosenfeld, Neuhoffnungstal, and Neu-Stuttgart.

In this area the evangelist and minister Eduard Wüst began his evangelistic work, which caused a great revival among the German population in South Russia, spreading into the neighboring Molotschna settlement. Cornelius Jansen of Berdyansk was a friend of Wüst. From here the revival move­ment also spread eastward into the mother settle­ment of Mariupol and the daughter settlement in the Don area. For a time there was a Mariupol Mennonite Brethren Church. Wüst's activities caused breaks in the Protestant churches and the founding of Pietistic and separatist movements. Some joined the Baptist Church.

[edit] Bibliography

Eisenach, G. J. Pietism and the Russian Germans in the United States. Berne, 1948.

Malinowsky, J. A. Die Planerkolonien am Asovschen Meere. Stuttgart, 1928.

Author(s) Cornelius Krahn
Date Published 1959

[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Krahn, Cornelius. "Planerkolonie (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 4 Oct 2015.,_Ukraine)&oldid=119075.

APA style

Krahn, Cornelius. (1959). Planerkolonie (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 4 October 2015, from,_Ukraine)&oldid=119075.

Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 185. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.

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