Preussisch Holland (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)
Preussisch Holland (Polish, Pasłęk), (coordinates: 54.066667, 19.666667 [54° 4′ 0″ N, 19° 40′ 0″ E]; population in 1946, 3,278; 12,179 in 2006), originally called simply Holland, a town formerly in East Prussia southeast of Elbing (now Elbląg), in which there were a few Mennonites until the collapse in 1945, members of the Heubuden and Thiensdorf-Preussisch Rosengart congregations. The articles of the founding of the town, dated 29 September 1297, mention that it was named for settlers from Holland. In 1527 a new immigration from the Netherlands set in, at first east of the city toward Bardeyn, consisting of Sacramentists. Others, including Anabaptists, under the leadership of Hermann Sachs, on 1 February 1539, received permission to settle the village of Schönberg (and also Judendorf) north of the town in the district of Preussisch Holland (document printed in Schumacher, 176-78). Their names and the occupations of some are given by Schumacher (184). Their deviation from the religion of the duchy, however, soon became apparent; hence they were expelled by the great church inspection of 1542-1543; only a few adjusted themselves to the dominant church in order to be permitted to remain in the country. (See East Prussia).
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 397.
Mennonitisches Adressbuch. Karlsruhe, 1936.
Schumacher, Bruno. Niederländische Ansiedlungen im Herzogtum Preussen zur Zeit Herzog Albrechts 1525-68. Leipzig, 1903.
Szper, Felicia. Nederlandsche nederzettingen in West-Pruisen gedurende den poolschen tijd. Enkhuizen, 1913.
Unruh, B. H. "Kolonisatorische Berührungen zwischen den Mennoniten und den Siedlern anderer Konfessionen im Weichselgebiet und in der Neumark." Deutsches Archiv für Landes- und Volksforschung IV (1940): 256-60.
Wolfram, Hans Egon. Die Niederlande und der deutsche Osten. Berlin, 1943.
Cite This Article
Crous, Ernst. "Preussisch Holland (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 21 Feb 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Preussisch_Holland_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=146062.
Crous, Ernst. (1959). Preussisch Holland (Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 February 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Preussisch_Holland_(Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=146062.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 217. All rights reserved.
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