Rückenau (also known as Richenow and Rychnowo; now known as Rychnowo Żuławskie; coordinates: 54.18692° N, 19.11348° E [54° 11' 12.9" N, 19° 6' 48.5" E]; population in 1905, 332, population in 2008, 200), is a village formerly inhabited by Mennonites in what was once known as the Gross-Werder area of West Prussia, now in Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 miles) south of Nowy Dwór Gdański (Tiegenhof) and 38 km (24 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig). In 1936 there were 15 Mennonite families, of whom 11 were farmers, a total of 62 souls, who belonged to the Rosenort Mennonite Church in West Prussia. Their names were Braun, Friesen, Haese, Hein, Janzen, Klaassen, Neufeld, Penner, Regehr, Schröder, and Wiebe.
There was a second village in West Prussia known by the name Rückenau (now Rychnowy), located in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship approximately 30 km north-east of Elbing (coordinates: 54.25852° N, 19.61377° E [54° 15' 30.7 N, 19° 36' 49.6 E]; population in 1905, 227, in 1939, 157, in 2012, 90). It lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 miles) north-east of Milejewo (Trunz), 23 km (14 mi.) north-east of Elbląg (Elbing), and 79 km (49 mi.) north-west of the regional capital Olsztyn (Allenstein).
"Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Hans-Jürgen Wolf. Web. 29 September 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. III, 560.
Mennonitisches Adressbuch. Karlsruhe, 1936: 167.
"Rychnowo Żuławskie." Wikipedia. Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rychnowo_Żuławskie.
"Rychnowy, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship." Wikipedia. Web. 30 September 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rychnowy,_Warmian-Masurian_Voivodeship.
|Richard D. Thiessen|
|Date Published||September 2012|
 Cite This Article
Crous, Ernst and Richard D. Thiessen. "Rückenau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. September 2012. Web. 9 Dec 2016. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=R%C3%BCckenau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=123893.
Crous, Ernst and Richard D. Thiessen. (September 2012). Rückenau (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 9 December 2016, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=R%C3%BCckenau_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=123893.
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