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Rückenau Mennonite Brethren Church in the village of [[Rückenau (Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Rückenau]], located in the heart of the [[Molotschna Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Molotschna settlement]]of South [[Russia|Russia]], became the nerve center in the development of the [[Mennonite Brethren Church|Mennonite Brethren]] (MB) movement. MB interest had concentrated sufficiently in this area in 1874 to buy a tavern and convert it into a meetinghouse. Church activities outgrew this building by 1883 when a new structure, 84 x 42 ft., was erected providing a seating capacity of 600. The highest estimated membership was 3,000, including several affiliated congregations. The early MB leaders also exerted considerable influence in this congregation. After Elder [[Hübert, Heinrich Klaas (1810-1895)|Heinrich Hübert]] left for the [[Kuban Mennonite Settlement (Northern Caucasus, Russia)|Kuban]] in 1873, [[Schellenberg, Abraham (1845-1920)|Abraham Schellenberg]] was elected elder, and when he moved to America in 1879, Johann Fast succeeded him. Jacob Dirksen, [[Schellenberg, David (1852-1919)|David Schellenberg]], David Dürksen, Jacob Reimer, and Jacob Thiessen were other leading personalities. The annual MB Conference was held in this church and from it determining influences radiated into other MB congregations. The congregation remained strong until the [[Russian Revolution and Civil War|Revolution]] in the early 1920's. Many, including a number of the leaders, emigrated when religious liberty was suppressed. During [[World War (1939-1945) - Soviet Union|World War II]], with the retreat of the German army, many of these settlements were wiped out, all the Mennonites leaving. Nothing further is known of the congregation, which at one time was the heart of the Mennonite Brethren movement.
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Rückenau Mennonite Brethren Church in the village of [[Rückenau (Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Rückenau]], located in the heart of the [[Molotschna Mennonite Settlement (Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)|Molotschna settlement ]]of South [[Russia|Russia]], became the nerve center in the development of the [[Mennonite Brethren Church|Mennonite Brethren]] (MB) movement. MB interest had concentrated sufficiently in this area in 1874 to buy a tavern and convert it into a meetinghouse. Church activities outgrew this building by 1883 when a new structure, 84 x 42 ft., was erected providing a seating capacity of 600. The highest estimated membership was 3,000, including several affiliated congregations. The early MB leaders also exerted considerable influence in this congregation. After Elder [[Hübert, Heinrich Klaas (1810-1895)|Heinrich Hübert]] left for the [[Kuban Mennonite Settlement (Northern Caucasus, Russia)|Kuban]] in 1873, [[Schellenberg, Abraham (1845-1920)|Abraham Schellenberg]] was elected elder, and when he moved to America in 1879, Johann Fast succeeded him. Jacob Dirksen, [[Schellenberg, David (1852-1919)|David Schellenberg]], David Dürksen, Jacob Reimer, and Jacob Thiessen were other leading personalities. The annual MB Conference was held in this church and from it determining influences radiated into other MB congregations. The congregation remained strong until the [[Russian Revolution and Civil War|Revolution]] in the early 1920's. Many, including a number of the leaders, emigrated when religious liberty was suppressed. During [[World War (1939-1945) - Soviet Union|World War II]], with the retreat of the German army, many of these settlements were wiped out, all the Mennonites leaving. Nothing further is known of the congregation, which at one time was the heart of the Mennonite Brethren movement.
 
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{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 4, p. 375|date=1959|a1_last=Toews|a1_first=Jacob J|a2_last=|a2_first=}}
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 4, p. 375|date=1959|a1_last=Toews|a1_first=Jacob J|a2_last=|a2_first=}}
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[[Category:Churches]]
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[[Category:Molotschna Mennonite Settlement Congregations]]
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[[Category:Ukrainian Congregations]]

Latest revision as of 20:31, 15 March 2014

Rückenau Mennonite Brethren Church in the village of Rückenau, located in the heart of the Molotschna settlement of South Russia, became the nerve center in the development of the Mennonite Brethren (MB) movement. MB interest had concentrated sufficiently in this area in 1874 to buy a tavern and convert it into a meetinghouse. Church activities outgrew this building by 1883 when a new structure, 84 x 42 ft., was erected providing a seating capacity of 600. The highest estimated membership was 3,000, including several affiliated congregations. The early MB leaders also exerted considerable influence in this congregation. After Elder Heinrich Hübert left for the Kuban in 1873, Abraham Schellenberg was elected elder, and when he moved to America in 1879, Johann Fast succeeded him. Jacob Dirksen, David Schellenberg, David Dürksen, Jacob Reimer, and Jacob Thiessen were other leading personalities. The annual MB Conference was held in this church and from it determining influences radiated into other MB congregations. The congregation remained strong until the Revolution in the early 1920's. Many, including a number of the leaders, emigrated when religious liberty was suppressed. During World War II, with the retreat of the German army, many of these settlements were wiped out, all the Mennonites leaving. Nothing further is known of the congregation, which at one time was the heart of the Mennonite Brethren movement.


Author(s) Jacob J Toews
Date Published 1959


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Toews, Jacob J. "Rückenau Mennonite Brethren Church (Rückenau, Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 3 Sep 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=R%C3%BCckenau_Mennonite_Brethren_Church_(R%C3%BCckenau,_Molotschna_Mennonite_Settlement,_Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=115776.

APA style

Toews, Jacob J. (1959). Rückenau Mennonite Brethren Church (Rückenau, Molotschna Mennonite Settlement, Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 3 September 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=R%C3%BCckenau_Mennonite_Brethren_Church_(R%C3%BCckenau,_Molotschna_Mennonite_Settlement,_Zaporizhia_Oblast,_Ukraine)&oldid=115776.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 375. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.