Reichenberg (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)
Reichenberg (also known as Rychemberk, Rychenborg, and Rychenbork; now known as Bogatka; coordinates: 54.3256, 18.779 [54° 19′ 32″ N, 18° 46′ 44″ E]; population in 1905, 351; in 2012, 146) is located approximately 12 kilometres (7 miles) north-east of Pruszcz Gdański (Praust) and 8 km. (5 mi.) south-east of the regional capital Gdańsk (Danzig).
Reichenberg was established under the Chełmno Law (Kulm Law, a legal constitution for a municipal form of government) in the 14th century in the Teutonic Commandry of Gdańsk. It became part of Danzig in 1454. In 1540 and 1543, Reichenberg was destroyed by floods and in 1547 was re-founded by Dutch Mennonite colonists, who leased the land from the city of Danzig. Until 1793 Reichenberg was part of Danzig in Royal Prussia (also known as Polish Prussia) in the Kingdom of Poland. The Second Partition of Poland in 1793 added Danzig and its surrounding territory to the province of West Prussia. Reichenberg was situated in the district (Kreis) of Danzig from 1818 until 1887, when it became part of the district of Danziger Niederung. Reichenberg became part of the Free City of Danzig from 1920 until the outbreak of World War II in 1939, when it came under the control of Nazi Germany. In February 1945 it was occupied by Soviet forces and eventually returned to Poland. In 2012 it was a village in the administrative district of Gmina Pruszcz Gdański, within Gdańsk County, Pomeranian Voivodeship.
The 1793 Danzig census lists two Mennonite families in Reichenberg with the following surnames: Lemcke and Penner. In 1820 Reichenberg/Rosenau/Rossgart had 246 inhabitants, of which six were Mennonite.
Mennonites who were residents of Reichenberg were members of the Bärwalde Mennonite Church.
Stowarzyszenie Konserwatorów Zabytków. "Bogatka." Catalogue of Monuments of Dutch Colonization in Poland. 2005. Web. 23 December 2012. http://holland.org.pl/art.php?kat=obiekt&id=293&lang=en.
Wikipedia. "Bogatka, Pomeranian Voivodeship." Web. 23 December 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogatka,_Pomeranian_Voivodeship.
Wolf, Hans-Jürgen. "Familienforschung in Westpreußen." Web. 23 December 2012. http://www.westpreussen.de/cms/ct/ortsverzeichnis/details.php?ID=5427.
|Author(s)||Richard D Thiessen|
|Date Published||December 2012|
Cite This Article
Thiessen, Richard D. "Reichenberg (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2012. Web. 18 Oct 2017. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Reichenberg_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96176.
Thiessen, Richard D. (December 2012). Reichenberg (Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 October 2017, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Reichenberg_(Pomeranian_Voivodeship,_Poland)&oldid=96176.
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