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Rich(s)t (Rixt, Ryxt), an Anabaptist martyr, also called Richt Heynes because she was the wife of Heyne Renicxzoon Schuytemaker (maker of boats), living at IJlst, Dutch province of Friesland, was arrested there on 12 October 1556, and taken to Leeuwarden, the capital of Friesland. Her husband, also a Mennonite, escaped. After she had given birth to a son in prison, Richt was tried and severely tortured and, "desiring not to part from Christ," was finally sentenced to death. On 14 March 1557, she was executed by being put in a sack and drowned. During the trial she admitted that she had been re-baptized, and had regularly taken part in the meetings of the "sectarists," that is, the Mennonites, at IJlst. Both van Braght's Martyrs' Mirror, and the Bibliographic des Martyrologes Protestants Neerlandais state that Richt was put to death about 1547, but this has been proved an error.

[edit] Bibliography

Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, 1685: Part II, 80.

Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 481. Available online at: http://www.homecomers.org/mirror/index.htm.

Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1899): 109.

Haeghen, Ferdinand van der., Thomas Arnold and R. Vanden Berghe. Bibliographie des Martyrologes Protestants Néerlandais. II. Receuils. The Hague: M. Nijhoff, 1890: v. II, 703, No. 307.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 312.

Reitsma, J. Honderd faar uit de Geschiedenis der Hervorming . . . in Friesland. Leeuwarden, 1876: 63.


Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1959


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Richt Heynes (d. 1557)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 31 Jan 2015. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Richt_Heynes_(d._1557)&oldid=129509.

APA style

Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1959). Richt Heynes (d. 1557). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 31 January 2015, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Richt_Heynes_(d._1557)&oldid=129509.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 325. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


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