From GAMEO
Jump to: navigation, search
[unchecked revision][checked revision]
(CSV import - 20130816)
 
(CSV import - 20130823)
 
(One intermediate revision by one user not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
__FORCETOC__
 
__FORCETOC__
 
__TOC__
 
__TOC__
<h3>1958 Article</h3> The Volendam Colony in [[Paraguay|Paraguay]] was founded 1 July 1947, when the 57,000-acre tract of land occupied by the colony at Mbopicua on the east side of the Paraguay River near the [[Friesland Colony (San Pedro Department, Paraguay) |Friesland Colony]], 8 miles north of Rosario, was purchased. The 1,135 settlers (295 families) were part of the contingent which had been brought to [[South America|South America]]by the <em>[[Volendam|Volendam]], </em>having been rescued out of [[Berlin (Germany)|Berlin]]. Another large group of the <em>Volendam </em>passengers settled contemporaneously in the [[Neuland Colony (Boquerón Department, Paraguay)|Neuland Colony]] near [[Fernheim Colony (Boquerón Department, Paraguay)|Fernheim Colony]]. [[DeFehr, Cornelius A. (1881-1979) |C. A. Defehr]] of Winnipeg, the [[Mennonite Central Committee (International)|Mennonite Central Committee]]representative for this purpose in Paraguay, had chosen the location and arranged the land purchase. Two additional small groups of immigrants arrived in Volendam from Europe in 1948. A group of some 50 came on the <em>Stuart Heinzelman </em>to [[Buenos Aires (Argentina)|Buenos Aires]] in July 1948. In November 1948 a larger group of 447 for Volendam arrived in Buenos Aires on the second voyage of the <em>Volendam. </em>Thus the total immigrant group of settlers in Volendam in 1948 was almost 1,723.
+
<h3>1958 Article</h3> The Volendam Colony in [[Paraguay|Paraguay]] was founded 1 July 1947, when the 57,000-acre tract of land occupied by the colony at Mbopicua on the east side of the Paraguay River near the [[Friesland Colony (San Pedro Department, Paraguay) |Friesland Colony]], 8 miles north of Rosario, was purchased. The 1,135 settlers (295 families) were part of the contingent which had been brought to [[South America|South America ]]by the <em>[[Volendam|Volendam]], </em>having been rescued out of [[Berlin (Germany)|Berlin]]. Another large group of the <em>Volendam </em>passengers settled contemporaneously in the [[Neuland Colony (Boquerón Department, Paraguay)|Neuland Colony]] near [[Fernheim Colony (Boquerón Department, Paraguay)|Fernheim Colony]]. [[DeFehr, Cornelius A. (1881-1979) |C. A. Defehr]] of Winnipeg, the [[Mennonite Central Committee (International)|Mennonite Central Committee ]]representative for this purpose in Paraguay, had chosen the location and arranged the land purchase. Two additional small groups of immigrants arrived in Volendam from Europe in 1948. A group of some 50 came on the <em>Stuart Heinzelman </em>to [[Buenos Aires (Argentina)|Buenos Aires]] in July 1948. In November 1948 a larger group of 447 for Volendam arrived in Buenos Aires on the second voyage of the <em>Volendam. </em>Thus the total immigrant group of settlers in Volendam in 1948 was almost 1,723.
  
 
The first 1,135 settlers established 12 villages, with a cooperative and a <em>[[Waisenamt|Waisenamt]]</em>. The river harbor was named Puerto Menno. In 1950 Volendam had 15 villages with a total population of 1,810 in 441 families on 441 farms, and 8 elementary schools. Most of the land was heavily wooded, though fertile, and had to be cleared by hand. The economic progress of the colony was slow, and a considerable number of persons migrated to [[Canada|Canada]], so that in 1959 the total Volendam population was only ca. 1200. In 1950 the total church membership was 938--800 in the Mennonite Church and 138 in the [[Mennonite Brethren Church|Mennonite Brethren Church]]. -- <em>Harold S. Bender</em>
 
The first 1,135 settlers established 12 villages, with a cooperative and a <em>[[Waisenamt|Waisenamt]]</em>. The river harbor was named Puerto Menno. In 1950 Volendam had 15 villages with a total population of 1,810 in 441 families on 441 farms, and 8 elementary schools. Most of the land was heavily wooded, though fertile, and had to be cleared by hand. The economic progress of the colony was slow, and a considerable number of persons migrated to [[Canada|Canada]], so that in 1959 the total Volendam population was only ca. 1200. In 1950 the total church membership was 938--800 in the Mennonite Church and 138 in the [[Mennonite Brethren Church|Mennonite Brethren Church]]. -- <em>Harold S. Bender</em>
Line 10: Line 10:
  
 
In the spiritual realm two congregations were organized by 1987, the [[Volendam Mennonite Church (Colony Volendam, San Pedro Department, Paraguay)|Volendam Mennonite]] congregation ([[General Conference Mennonite Church (GCM)|General Conference Mennonite]]) with 269 members and the [[Volendam Mennonite Brethren Church (Colony Volendam, San Pedro Department, Paraguay)|Volendam Mennonite Brethren]] congregation with 52 members. These congregations were not only gathered for worship, but were also responsible for the education and training of young people and for missionary activity. Both congregations worked closely together and were also related to their South American and North American conferences and to [[Mennonite World Conference|Mennonite World Conference]]. -- <em>Abram Funk</em>
 
In the spiritual realm two congregations were organized by 1987, the [[Volendam Mennonite Church (Colony Volendam, San Pedro Department, Paraguay)|Volendam Mennonite]] congregation ([[General Conference Mennonite Church (GCM)|General Conference Mennonite]]) with 269 members and the [[Volendam Mennonite Brethren Church (Colony Volendam, San Pedro Department, Paraguay)|Volendam Mennonite Brethren]] congregation with 52 members. These congregations were not only gathered for worship, but were also responsible for the education and training of young people and for missionary activity. Both congregations worked closely together and were also related to their South American and North American conferences and to [[Mennonite World Conference|Mennonite World Conference]]. -- <em>Abram Funk</em>
 
 
 
= Bibliography =
 
= Bibliography =
 
Fretz, J. Winfield. <em class="gameo_bibliography">Pilgrims in Paraguay</em>. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1953.
 
Fretz, J. Winfield. <em class="gameo_bibliography">Pilgrims in Paraguay</em>. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1953.
Line 22: Line 20:
  
 
Quiring, Walter. <em class="gameo_bibliography">Im Schweisse Deines Angesichts. </em>Steinbach, MB, 1953.
 
Quiring, Walter. <em class="gameo_bibliography">Im Schweisse Deines Angesichts. </em>Steinbach, MB, 1953.
 
 
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 4, p. 843; vol. 5, pp. 916-917|date=1989|a1_last=Bender|a1_first=Harold S.|a2_last=Funk|a2_first=Abram}}
 
{{GAMEO_footer|hp=Vol. 4, p. 843; vol. 5, pp. 916-917|date=1989|a1_last=Bender|a1_first=Harold S.|a2_last=Funk|a2_first=Abram}}

Latest revision as of 14:23, 23 August 2013

Contents

1958 Article

The Volendam Colony in Paraguay was founded 1 July 1947, when the 57,000-acre tract of land occupied by the colony at Mbopicua on the east side of the Paraguay River near the Friesland Colony, 8 miles north of Rosario, was purchased. The 1,135 settlers (295 families) were part of the contingent which had been brought to South America by the Volendam, having been rescued out of Berlin. Another large group of the Volendam passengers settled contemporaneously in the Neuland Colony near Fernheim Colony. C. A. Defehr of Winnipeg, the Mennonite Central Committee representative for this purpose in Paraguay, had chosen the location and arranged the land purchase. Two additional small groups of immigrants arrived in Volendam from Europe in 1948. A group of some 50 came on the Stuart Heinzelman to Buenos Aires in July 1948. In November 1948 a larger group of 447 for Volendam arrived in Buenos Aires on the second voyage of the Volendam. Thus the total immigrant group of settlers in Volendam in 1948 was almost 1,723.

The first 1,135 settlers established 12 villages, with a cooperative and a Waisenamt. The river harbor was named Puerto Menno. In 1950 Volendam had 15 villages with a total population of 1,810 in 441 families on 441 farms, and 8 elementary schools. Most of the land was heavily wooded, though fertile, and had to be cleared by hand. The economic progress of the colony was slow, and a considerable number of persons migrated to Canada, so that in 1959 the total Volendam population was only ca. 1200. In 1950 the total church membership was 938--800 in the Mennonite Church and 138 in the Mennonite Brethren Church. -- Harold S. Bender


1989 Update

Volendam Colony was founded in 1947 by immigrants from Russia via Germany. The landscape is slightly rolling with forest and lowland alternating. The forest lands, when cleared, were well suited to the cultivation of wheat, soya beans, and feed grains, while the lowlands were used for grazing of cattle herds. The colony possessed a total of 32,700 hectares (80,800 acres) in 1986 which was divided into 100 hectares (250 acres) per family. In 1987 the colony’s population of 676 people lived in twelve villages.

Administrative patterns closely resemble those developed in Russia, with an administrator (mayor Oberschulze) and four advisers responsible for colony affairs. A hospital as well as an elementary and a secondary school served the colony, as did a retirement home and a producer-consumer cooperative. The latter was responsible for the sale of colony products as well as the supplying of necessary items for colony life through its cooperative store.

In the spiritual realm two congregations were organized by 1987, the Volendam Mennonite congregation (General Conference Mennonite) with 269 members and the Volendam Mennonite Brethren congregation with 52 members. These congregations were not only gathered for worship, but were also responsible for the education and training of young people and for missionary activity. Both congregations worked closely together and were also related to their South American and North American conferences and to Mennonite World Conference. -- Abram Funk

[edit] Bibliography

Fretz, J. Winfield. Pilgrims in Paraguay. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1953.

Funk, Abram, editor. 25 Jahre Volendam, 1947-1972. Curitiba, Brazil, 1972.

Handbook of Information, General Conference Mennonite Church. Newton, KS (1988): 40.

Mennonitisches Jahrbuch (1984): 158.

Quiring, Walter. Im Schweisse Deines Angesichts. Steinbach, MB, 1953.


Author(s) Harold S. Bender
Abram Funk
Date Published 1989


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Bender, Harold S. and Abram Funk. "Volendam Colony (San Pedro Department, Paraguay)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1989. Web. 25 Apr 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Volendam_Colony_(San_Pedro_Department,_Paraguay)&oldid=93834.

APA style

Bender, Harold S. and Abram Funk. (1989). Volendam Colony (San Pedro Department, Paraguay). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 April 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Volendam_Colony_(San_Pedro_Department,_Paraguay)&oldid=93834.




Hpbuttns.gif
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 843; vol. 5, pp. 916-917. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.