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[[File:Wuerzburg.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Source: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Wikipedia Commons]'']]     There were many [[Anabaptism|Anabaptists]] in the bishopric of Würzburg in 1527-1528. [[Hut, Hans (d. 1527)|Hans Hut]] and [[Nespitzer, Georg (16th century)|Georg Nespitzer]] were extremely active here, but the bloodthirsty Bishop Konrad also imme­diately went into action against them in measures that exceeded any imaginable forms of punish­ment at the disposal of temporal governments. Duke Wilhelm von Hennenberg, who in spite of the Imperial Edict of 23 April 1529, did not share the attitude of the Würzburg bishop in considering Anabaptism a capital crime but punished the prison­ers with more lenient measures, was therefore ac­cused at the Imperial court. This lawsuit lasted be­yond the Anabaptist period in the Würzburg area and did not come to a conclusion until about 1540. Bishop Konrad treated all "sectarians" in summary fashion. There is very little to be found in the docu­ments of the former bishopric of Würzburg by way of records of trials, cross-examinations, or statements of imprisoned Anabaptists such as one finds in other places, but a contemporary, Lorenz Fries, reports in his Chronicle that at the beginning of 1528 four men and two women from Ipshoven were brought as prisoners to Würzburg. On 4 February the men were beheaded, the women burned at the stake, and the next day two women, a mother and daughter, were drowned in the Main River. A number re­canted; many of these had a hand cut off. Others fled to [[Moravia (Czech Republic)|Moravia]], and so it is understandable that the policy of the stake that the bishop applied against the Anabaptists in his country soon cleansed his area of this "sectarianism."
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[[File:Wuerzburg.jpg|300px|thumb|right|''Source: [http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page Wikipedia Commons]'']]
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There were many [[Anabaptism|Anabaptists]] in the bishopric of Würzburg (coordinates: 49.783333, 9.933333 [49° 47′ 0″ N, 9° 56′ 0″ E]) in 1527-1528. [[Hut, Hans (d. 1527)|Hans Hut]] and [[Nespitzer, Georg (16th century)|Georg Nespitzer]] were extremely active here, but the bloodthirsty Bishop Konrad also imme­diately went into action against them in measures that exceeded any imaginable forms of punish­ment at the disposal of temporal governments. Duke Wilhelm von Hennenberg, who in spite of the Imperial Edict of 23 April 1529, did not share the attitude of the Würzburg bishop in considering Anabaptism a capital crime but punished the prison­ers with more lenient measures, was therefore ac­cused at the Imperial court. This lawsuit lasted be­yond the Anabaptist period in the Würzburg area and did not come to a conclusion until about 1540. Bishop Konrad treated all "sectarians" in summary fashion. There is very little to be found in the docu­ments of the former bishopric of Würzburg by way of records of trials, cross-examinations, or statements of imprisoned Anabaptists such as one finds in other places, but a contemporary, Lorenz Fries, reports in his Chronicle that at the beginning of 1528 four men and two women from Ipshoven were brought as prisoners to Würzburg. On 4 February the men were beheaded, the women burned at the stake, and the next day two women, a mother and daughter, were drowned in the Main River. A number re­canted; many of these had a hand cut off. Others fled to [[Moravia (Czech Republic)|Moravia]], and so it is understandable that the policy of the stake that the bishop applied against the Anabaptists in his country soon cleansed his area of this "sectarianism."
 
= Bibliography =
 
= Bibliography =
 
<em>Beiträge zur bayrischen Kirchengesch</em> XVI (1910): 170-77.
 
<em>Beiträge zur bayrischen Kirchengesch</em> XVI (1910): 170-77.

Latest revision as of 06:12, 30 October 2013

There were many Anabaptists in the bishopric of Würzburg (coordinates: 49.783333, 9.933333 [49° 47′ 0″ N, 9° 56′ 0″ E]) in 1527-1528. Hans Hut and Georg Nespitzer were extremely active here, but the bloodthirsty Bishop Konrad also imme­diately went into action against them in measures that exceeded any imaginable forms of punish­ment at the disposal of temporal governments. Duke Wilhelm von Hennenberg, who in spite of the Imperial Edict of 23 April 1529, did not share the attitude of the Würzburg bishop in considering Anabaptism a capital crime but punished the prison­ers with more lenient measures, was therefore ac­cused at the Imperial court. This lawsuit lasted be­yond the Anabaptist period in the Würzburg area and did not come to a conclusion until about 1540. Bishop Konrad treated all "sectarians" in summary fashion. There is very little to be found in the docu­ments of the former bishopric of Würzburg by way of records of trials, cross-examinations, or statements of imprisoned Anabaptists such as one finds in other places, but a contemporary, Lorenz Fries, reports in his Chronicle that at the beginning of 1528 four men and two women from Ipshoven were brought as prisoners to Würzburg. On 4 February the men were beheaded, the women burned at the stake, and the next day two women, a mother and daughter, were drowned in the Main River. A number re­canted; many of these had a hand cut off. Others fled to Moravia, and so it is understandable that the policy of the stake that the bishop applied against the Anabaptists in his country soon cleansed his area of this "sectarianism."

[edit] Bibliography

Beiträge zur bayrischen Kirchengesch XVI (1910): 170-77.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. IV.

Wiswedel, Wilhelm. Bilder and Führergestalten aus dem Täufertum, 3 vols. Kassel: J.G. Oncken Verlag, 1928-1952: v. I, 131.

[edit] Maps

Map:Würzburg (Freistaat Bayern, Germany)


Author(s) Wilhelm Wiswedel
Date Published 1959


[edit] Cite This Article

MLA style

Wiswedel, Wilhelm. "Würzburg (Freistaat Bayern, Germany)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 18 Dec 2014. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=W%C3%BCrzburg_(Freistaat_Bayern,_Germany)&oldid=103119.

APA style

Wiswedel, Wilhelm. (1959). Würzburg (Freistaat Bayern, Germany). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 18 December 2014, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=W%C3%BCrzburg_(Freistaat_Bayern,_Germany)&oldid=103119.




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Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, and Waterloo, Ontario, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, pp. 996-997. All rights reserved. For information on ordering the encyclopedia visit the Herald Press website.


©1996-2014 by the Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. All rights reserved.