Gelderland (Guelders) is a province of the Netherlands (1949 population, 1,057,941, with 3,403 Mennonites; 2006 population, 1,975,704), in which the Anabaptist movement found little footing in the first half of the 16th century, with the exception of the towns of Arnhem, Nijmegen, Zutphen, and Harderwijk, and the vicinity of Winterswijk. The number of congregations has always been small. In the 17th century there were still congregations at (Zalt) Bommel and at Harderwijk. The weakness of the movement here was doubtless due to the severe persecution by Duke Karel van Gelder, who issued a stern edict against them on 12 April 1539. The 1956 congregations in this province were at Apeldoorn, Arnhem, Nijmegen, Wageningen, Winterswijk, and Zutphen. The Brotherhood House of Elspeet is also in this province.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 47.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam, 2 vols. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: I, Nos. 268, 291, 349.
Nederlands Archief voor Kerkgeschiedenis 10 (1913): 252 ff.
Cite This Article
Vos, Karel. "Gelderland (Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 21 Apr 2019. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gelderland_(Netherlands)&oldid=145219.
Vos, Karel. (1956). Gelderland (Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 April 2019, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Gelderland_(Netherlands)&oldid=145219.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, pp. 450-451. All rights reserved.
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