Hengelo (Overijssel, Netherlands)
Hengelo, an industrial, rapidly growing town (1953 population 52,474; 2007 population, 81,431) in the Dutch province of Overijssel, noted for textiles and iron works, had 475 Mennonites in 1954 and was the seat of a Mennonite congregation. In the 17th century Mennonites living in Hengelo and in Borne and Goor formed a congregation of the Groningen Old Flemish branch. In 1728 this congregation was divided into two congregations, one at Borne and one of Hengelo-Goor.
During the 17th century the Hengelo Mennonites attended the meetings at Borne or Zenderen or Twekkelo, but since about 1709 meetings were also held at Hengelo in the private home of Berend ter Horst and his descendants. In 1792 Wolter ten Cate gave the congregation a meetinghouse at Hengelo. Though he lived at Hengelo, having been the promoter of its textile industry, he was a member and elder of the Borne congregation. The meetinghouse—so ten Cate ordered— should be plain and without luxury. It was remodeled in 1855, 1883, and 1953. An organ was put in in 1874. The meetinghouse was demolished in 1961 and a new meetinghouse was built at that time at Schalkburgerstraat 22.
In the 18th century the core of the Hengelo congregation was formed by the ter Horst, ten Cate, and Nijhoff families. During this century preachers were regularly chosen from the membership, the last being Engbert Nijhoff, 1757-1805. Its first trained minister was Govert Jans van Rijswijk, 1800-1806.
Church activities included a Sunday school for children, a ladies' circle, and a choir.
As of 2014 the congregation no longer existed.
Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1879): 7; (1884): 152.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 283.
Hoop Scheffer, Jacob Gijsbert de. Inventaris der Archiefstukken berustende bij de Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. Amsterdam: Uitgegeven en ten geschenke aangeboden door den Kerkeraad dier Gemeente, 1883-1884: II, Nos. 1924-1925; II, 2, 99.
Reliwiki. "Hengelo, Marktstraat/BurJansenstr - Doopsgezinde Kerk." 17 February 2012. Web. 14 October 2014. http://reliwiki.nl/index.php/Hengelo,_Marktstraat/BurJansenstr_-_Doopsgezinde_Kerk.
Reliwiki. "Hengelo, Schalkburgerstraat 22 - Doopsgezinde Kerk." 17 February 2012. Web. 14 October 2014. http://reliwiki.nl/index.php/Hengelo,_Schalkburgerstraat_22_-_Doopsgezinde_Kerk.
Uit het Verleden der Doopsgezinden in Twenthe. Borne, n.d.: passim.
|Govert Jans van Rijswijk||1800-1806|
|H. ten Cate Hzn||1829-1864|
|I. H. Boeke||1872-1878|
|P. J. Smidts||1941-1947|
|K. T. Gorter||1948-|
|Author(s)||Nanne van der Zijpp|
Cite This Article
Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Hengelo (Overijssel, Netherlands)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1956. Web. 26 Feb 2020. https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Hengelo_(Overijssel,_Netherlands)&oldid=145454.
Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1956). Hengelo (Overijssel, Netherlands). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 26 February 2020, from https://gameo.org/index.php?title=Hengelo_(Overijssel,_Netherlands)&oldid=145454.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, pp. 703-704. All rights reserved.
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