Kiernica was a Ruthenian village in Galicia. In 1848 Peter and Magdalene Kintzi of Einsiedel bought the 3,000-acre estate Kiernica, and laid it out in farms for their eight married children. Settling them on individual farms rather than in a village was an innovation among the Galician Mennonites. From this beginning a congregation developed which owned a church building by 1862, and employed Johannes van der Smissen of Altona as their minister. He served until 1868. After the merger of all Mennonite settlements in Galicia into one organization, Kiernica was for a long time the seat of the leading minister, Johann Klein. In the 1909 constitution of the Galician Mennonite Church it had the name Kiernica-Lemberg, but the official center was transferred to Lemberg. The founders had intended that Kiernica remain a Mennonite settlement, and specified in their will that it should not be sold to others; but this clause was declared illegal, and many Mennonites sold their land and moved away. In 1934 there were six families resident there, with the names of Kintzi, Ewy, Müller and Schmidt. The meetinghouse was sold after World War I.
Bachmann, P. Mennoniten in Kleinpolen, 1784-1934: Gedenkbuch zur Erinnerung an die Einwanderung der Mennoniten nach Kleinpolen (Galizien) vor 150 Jahren. Lemberg: Verlag der Lemberger Mennonitengemeinde in Lemberg, 1934. Reprinted Lvov: Naukowej, 1980: 220-227.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 486.
Miller, Artur. "Mennonitengemeinde Kiernica-Lemberg." Unser Blatt (Gronau i.W.) III (1949): No. 54-56/57 (1 November-December); IV (1950) No. 58-59 (1 January-1 February).
Cite This Article
Rupp, Jakob. "Kiernica (Galicia)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 22 Aug 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kiernica_(Galicia)&oldid=145566.
Rupp, Jakob. (1957). Kiernica (Galicia). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 22 August 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Kiernica_(Galicia)&oldid=145566.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 175. All rights reserved.
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