Neelken Jaspers (d. 1570)

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Neelken (Nelleken) Jaspers, an Anabaptist martyr, erroneously considered Reformed, a girl 17 or 18 years of age, was burned at the stake at Antwerp, Belgium, on 27 June 1570 (not 1571, as in Martyrs Mirror), after giving a valiant testimony to her faith. The death sentence states that she was rebaptized and was "persistent in her heresy." Her father Jasper Hermansz and her mother Maeyken Janssens had both been executed as martyrs at Antwerp in 1569, Jasper on 22 June and Maeyken on 22 November. While in prison Neelken wrote a letter, dated 12 December 1569, which reveals her firm faith and joy in suffering. She said that she wanted to follow the example of her parents and two youths who had been executed, though they had not yet been baptized. She is commemorated in a hymn composed by an anonymous 16th century author, entitled, "Aen Neelken Jaspers."


Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts…, 1685. Part II: 407.

Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 762. Available online at:

Catalogus der werken over de Doopsgezinden en hunne geschiedenis aanwezig in de bibliotheek der Vereenigde Doopsgezinde Gemeente to Amsterdam. Amsterdam: J.H. de Bussy, 1919: 100.

Doopsgezinde Bijdragen (1899): 91, 108, 121, 139.

Génard, P. Antwerpsch archievenblad: XIII, 2, 61; XIV, 76 f., No. 853.

Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe; Schneider, 1913-1967: v. II, 394

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Christian Neff
Date Published 1957

Cite This Article

MLA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne and Christian Neff. "Neelken Jaspers (d. 1570)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1957. Web. 21 Sep 2018.

APA style

van der Zijpp, Nanne and Christian Neff. (1957). Neelken Jaspers (d. 1570). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 21 September 2018, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 3, p. 819. All rights reserved.

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