Simon den Kramer (d. 1553)

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Defiance of Simon de Kramer, Bergen op Zoom, 1553.
Engraving by Jan Luiken in Martyrs Mirror Martyrs Mirror, v. 2, p. 149 of Dutch edition.
Source: Rijksmuseum.

Simon den Kramer (Simon the Shopkeeper), an Anabaptist martyr, burned at the stake in 1553 (exact date unknown) outside the town of Bergen op Zoom, Dutch province of North Brabant. Van Braght's Martyrs' Mirror, which is the only source concerning this martyr, relates that Simon was a market vendor (kramer), and while standing near his stall refused to give homage to the Roman Catholic "idol" (probably the Holy Sacrament passing in a procession), whereupon he was arrested. Van Braght also relates that the sheriff (drossaert), upon coming home from the execution, fell ill and died soon after, filled with doubt whether Simon's execution was just.


Braght, Thieleman J. van. Het Bloedigh Tooneel of Martelaers Spiegel der Doopsgesinde of Weereloose Christenen, Die om 't getuygenis van Jesus haren Salighmaker geleden hebben ende gedood zijn van Christi tijd of tot desen tijd toe. Den Tweeden Druk. Amsterdam: Hieronymus Sweerts, 1685: Part II, 149.

Braght, Thieleman J. van. The Bloody Theatre or Martyrs' Mirror of the Defenseless Christians Who Baptized Only upon Confession of Faith and Who Suffered and Died for the Testimony of Jesus Their Saviour . . . to the Year A.D. 1660. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press, 1951: 540. Available online at:

Author(s) Nanne van der Zijpp
Date Published 1959

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Zijpp, Nanne van der. "Simon den Kramer (d. 1553)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1959. Web. 25 Sep 2018.

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Zijpp, Nanne van der. (1959). Simon den Kramer (d. 1553). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 25 September 2018, from


Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, p. 528. All rights reserved.

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