Alexander I, Emperor of Russia (1777-1825)
Alexander I, Emperor of Russia from 1801 to 1825 and King of Poland 1815-1825, was born 23 December 1777, the son of Emperor Paul I and Maria Feodorovna. He succeeded his father after Paul's murder in 1801. Alexander died 1 December 1825 and was succeeded by his younger brother Nicholas I.
Alexander was a great benefactor of the Mennonites, confirmed the great charter of privileges of his father Paul I of 6 September 1800, and took a friendly interest in them. To the Molotschna colony he made a gift of six thousand rubles for a church building. Good evidence of his paternal benevolence were his two visits to the Mennonite colonies on 21 May 1818 and in 1825 shortly before his death. His benevolent friendly manner in his dealings with the Russian Mennonites and in his acceptance of their simple hospitality, was remembered in some families. Many Mennonite villages in Russia were named after him or his nephew Alexander II, such as Alexanderkrone, Alexanderfeld, Alexandertal, Alexanderheim.
Epp, D. H. Johann Comies: Züge aus seinem Leben und Wirken. Berdyansk: Der Botschafter, 1909.
Friesen, Peter M. Die Alt-Evangelische Mennonitische Brüderschaft in Russland (1789-1910) im Rahmen der mennonitischen Gesamtgeschichte. Halbstadt: Verlagsgesellschaft "Raduga", 1911.
Friesen, Peter M. The Mennonite Brotherhood in Russia (1789-1910), trans. J. B. Toews and others. Fresno, CA: Board of Christian Literature [M.B.], 1978, rev. ed. 1980.
Hege, Christian and Christian Neff. Mennonitisches Lexikon, 4 vols. Frankfurt & Weierhof: Hege; Karlsruhe: Schneider, 1913-1967: v. I, 21.
|Richard D. Thiessen|
|Date Published||December 2007|
Cite This Article
Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. "Alexander I, Emperor of Russia (1777-1825)." Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. December 2007. Web. 20 May 2018. http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Alexander_I,_Emperor_of_Russia_(1777-1825)&oldid=144689.
Neff, Christian and Richard D. Thiessen. (December 2007). Alexander I, Emperor of Russia (1777-1825). Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 20 May 2018, from http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Alexander_I,_Emperor_of_Russia_(1777-1825)&oldid=144689.
Adapted by permission of Herald Press, Harrisonburg, Virginia, from Mennonite Encyclopedia, Vol. 1, p. 44. All rights reserved.
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